Guild of One-Name Studies
One-name studies, Genealogy
Variants: Skerm, Skirm, Skyrm, Skyrmes, Skyrms
Category: 3 - A study where research using core genealogical datasets and transcriptions is well under way on a global basis.
DNA website: www.familytreedna.com/public/Skyrme
Guild hosted website:
Contact: Dr David Skyrme
The objectives of this study are to research, record and share information on the origins, distribution, family histories, historical and geographic contexts of people with the surname Skyrme, Skyrm and variants world-wide. To achieve this a wide range of research resources is being used and will be shared through uploading datasets and trees to the Skyrme Family Website (see below)
The most common variants are Skyrme (mostly Pembrokeshire) and Skyrm (Herefordshire). Other earlier variants were Skyrmes and Skirm. Skirm remains as a surname in parts of the USA but no where else. Whereas genealogy links between Skyrme(s) families of Pembrokeshire and Skyrm of Herefordshire are almost certain, the study has yet to find evidence linking the Skirm name in the USA to its early origins in England, such as Lincolnshire in the 17th century.
Being a rare name it does not feature in most surname dictionaries. One source, however, lists the name Skirme as being derived from the medieval French eskirmer, a fencing master. Skrimshire, Skermer, Skirmer are given as alternative spellings. The origin of the name Scrimshaw is also similar. A more recent update to the Internet Surname Database says that it derives from the Middle English "skirme(n)" meaning "to fight", "to defend" and cites sources of its use since the late 13th Century.
These two suggestions are at:
Our own research has yet to confirm either of these explanations.
Family folklore always held that the name was Norse in origin and came to Wales with the Viking raids in the 9th or 10th century. They cite the name of an island off Pembrokeshire (Skomer) as evidence of this. However, research has identified reference to the surname in Lugwardine, Herefordshire in 1310 and we know that the earliest Skyrmes in Pembrokeshire arrived from Herefordshire in the mid 1640s. Also my yDNA results show a haplogroup that has a probability of over 80% migrating to the UK from France vs. around 5% from Scandinavia.
The name Skyrm(e) comes into the category of 'rare' based on there being an average of 18 births in the two year periods 1850-1 and 1950-1. This is using the Smallshaw scale which goes from very high frequency (over 1,250) through average (51-250) to very rare (<10). Rare is between 11-50. Whereas in 1850-1 the numbers for Skyrm and Skyrme were equal, there was only one Skyrm born in England in 1950-51 vs 18 Skyrme. In contrast, in the USA, the 1950-1 frequency of Skyrm is similar to that of Skyrme.
Using World Profiler:
As an indication of absolute numbers the FreeBMD dataset for England and Wales which covers the perdiod 1837-1983 has:
Historically the name Skirm and Skyrm(e) were found mostly in Herefordshire, though a few early occurrences are found in London, Kent, Lincolnshire and Shrewsbury. One family from Herefordshire (then living in Ludlow, Shropshire) migrated to Pembrokeshire (Llawhaden) in the mid 1600s. So the main clusters during the 17th and 18th centuries are found at:
In the late 1800s there were migrations to the coal-mining valleys of Wales and also Bristol and Cardiff. From Cardiff three brothers emigrated to the USA, as separately did some Herefordshire farmers and some South Wales workers in coal mines and iron works. There were some early Skyrme criminals from Herefordshire who were transported to Australia followed later by voluntary immigrants. Skyrmes (or Skirm) in the USA started in New Jersey and Philadelphia but migrated west and south and are now found in many states. There are also sizeable numbers in Canada (British Columbia) and New Zealand.
Although now widely spread across the UK, the highest density of Skyrm(e)s remain in Herefordshire and Worcestershire, followed by Pembrokeshire, Lancashire and Glamorgan. As part of this one-name study more detailed distribution tables will be provided from analysis of the data. Because the name is often mis-transcribed by the main Ancestry and (possibly) profiler websites, the numbers given for frequency above may not be too accurate.
As of mid-2018 the master database had nearly 2,000 individuals whose birth name was Skyrme or one of its variants. Sources of information include registration records, parish registers, censuses (UK, USA), electoral rolls, cemetery records, newspaper articles, military records, probate indexes etc. The master database is held in Family Historian which also shows family linkages and has links to various media. Approximately 2-3% of the individuals may be duplicates.
Since taking over this study in 2013 many more sources have come online. In addition I have visited the archives for Pembrokeshire (Havefordwest) and Herefordshire (Rotherwas) several times, photographing original records. As a result there are over 1,500 individual records yet to process, while almost daily new ones are discovered. During my trips I visited the towns and villages where Skyrmes lived and worked. Thus I have several hundred photos of the houses and cottages where Skyrmes lived, their local churches, and their graves and headstones.
Enquiries about the study are welcome and I will try and provide you with a narrative chart of your ancestors, carrying out additional research should you belong to one of those branches that I have not yet investigated in detail.
A DNA project was started in September 2016. The aims of this are to try and overcome the limitations of documentary evidence to find how the distinct clusters of Skyrmes are connected. The project started with my own 37-marker yDNA test. Full details of the DNA project can be found at
The website for this study is at:
The library on the website includes the first three substantive publications of the study to date:
The Skyrmes of Pembrokeshire (1) - Manorbier and Penally
The Skyrmes of Pembrokeshire (2) - Llangwm and The Cleddau
The Skyrmes of Herefordshire.
In addition there are sections on places, origins, trees, documents, sources and the study workplan. As result of enquiries through the Guild, some interesting stories and lines of Skyrme have been researched, which are summarised on regular news updates at the website.
You may find our other Guild websites of interest: