Guild of One-Name Studies
One-name studies, Genealogy
Category: 2 - A study where research using core genealogical datasets and transcriptions is well under way, but currently in some countries only.
Contact: Mrs Karen Burnell
The aim of the RAVENSCROFT One-Name study is to collect family history data on the name RAVENSCROFT and RANGECROFT and to share this with others researching these names.
The study was started in 2011 in support of my own Ravenscroft Family History research using information gathered since mainly in UK
The objectives are to:
There is only one known variant RANGECROFT which seems to have originally arisen due to errors or inconsistencies in parish registers in Shropshire and Hedgerley in Buckinghamshire. There has been some variation in spelling of RAVENSCROFT in early centuries – including Rainscroft, Revenscroft, Ravenscraft and sometimes in more recent documents the ‘s’ has been omitted.
The surname appears to have originated on Flintshire/Cheshire border – it is extremely frequent in early parish registers in Cheshire.
Supposedly a Norman knight Warin de Bevile took the name of Ravenscroft but there may have been earlier instances of the name. Many Ravenscrofts can claim royal descent from Anne Stanley who married Ralph Ravenscroft of Bretton in the fifteenth century.
Arms were granted to George Ravenscroft of Bretton (Flintshire) in 1422
Several Ravenscrofts from Hawarden (Flintshire) were sheriffs and MPs in sixteenth century .
Thomas Ravenscroft (c 1588 – 1635) musician
James Ravenscroft, a Roman Catholic, murdered and robbed in 1649.
Edward Ravenscroft (1654 – 1707) dramatist
Ede and Ravenscroft – wig and gown suppliers based in London
DJ John Peel – real name John Robert Parker Ravenscroft – (1939 – 2004).
The name is uncommon but not rare.
The England and Wales censuses indicate totals of about 700 in 1841, 740 in 1851, 850 in 1861, 1000 in 1871, 1180 in 1881, 1300 in 1891, 1500 in 1901 and 1650 in 1911. The uncommon variant Rangecroft accounting for 100 of these.
In the England and Wales 1881 census, using the surname atlas software, the major clusters of the name are in Cheshire and Lancashire.
There are also a significant number in Staffordshire with a smaller group in the London area
There have been Ravenscrofts in London since mediaeval times including several citizens of different guilds.
In the USA there were already 320 Ravenscrofts by 1860
There were also several emigrants to Canada….
A few Ravenscrofts emigrated to Australia in the nineteenth century
All of the Ravenscroft (and variant) entries from the General Register Offices for England & Wales (1837 - 1911) and censuses 1841-1911 have been recorded . This data can be found on the Guild web site .
The one-name study also includes numerous entries from English Parish Registers as well as reconstructed trees including those from the Ravenscroft pedigree found in the book The family of Ravenscroft by William Ravenscroft and Raymond Bathurst Ravenscroft (Familysearch)
You may find our other Guild websites of interest: