Guild of One-Name Studies
One-name studies, Genealogy
Variants: Ogborn, Ogborne, Ogburn, Okeborne
Category: 3 - A study where research using core genealogical datasets and transcriptions is well under way on a global basis.
Contact: Mr John Ogbourne
Ogbourne, Ogborn, Ogburn - this study focuses on the origins of the name and history of people using the name including variations. It is clear that the spelling over the name in centuries including up to say 1900 is not especially significant – the same person can often be seen in records with more than one spelling of the name. Before the 17th Century the spelling of the name with a K instead of G was usual. e.g.Okeborne
As a relatively uncommon name seeking historical accounts of the name is more practical, through our website www.ogbourne.com There is a clear link of the name to the Ogbourne villages – Ogbourne St George, Ogbourne St Andrew and Ogbourne Maisey near Marlborough in Wiltshire. Following the Norman invasion of England in 1066 Ogbourne St George became the base (The Bailiwick of Ogbourne) which managed the income on properties in the south of England on behalf of the Abbey of Bec Hellouin in Normandy. This came to an end in 1414 when King Henry V suppressed of the ‘alien priories’.
Pockets of Ogbournes have cropped up in southern England, some with interesting accounts of family achievements – e.g. The Championship Somerset Ploughmen, and in the USA The African American Ogburns, and we have sought to provide accounts of such achievements. Ogbournes were amongst the earliest immigrants to North America, especially in Virginia and what is now Pennsylvania and New Jersey, and many Americans trace their family histories to those people.
Genealogy- the provision of genealogical information especially in the UK and USA is an important aim and our website carries useful information for genealogists in England, the USA and other countries.
Initial research in England began in 1978 – the study editor John Ogbourne was born in the small Wiltshire town of Wootton Bassett, some 8 miles from the Ogbourne villages. Tracing John’s family tree was rather straightforward as 12 generations could be found in the Parish Registers for Wootton Bassett, and show Ogbournes in the town as far back as the 16th Century.
Contact was established in the 1990s with Ogbournes and Ogburns in the USA where there already existed studies into the origins of the name in England and America, and information exchange has continued since then.
January 2020 - we now have a Facebook page where we welcome comments and information. https://www.facebook.com/ogbourneogburn/
In very early records the name is found as Ocheburne, Okebourne, de Okebourne, and de Ockeburn. E.g. 1277 William de Ockeburn is listed as a juror, 1322 Margery de Okebourne is included in the tax lists for North Marston, Wilts.
The representatives of the Bailiwick of Ogbourne were required to travel over much of southern England in their duties, and it seems likely that they were known as 'de Okeburn or Ockeburn' as the villages were then known.
1305 Assignment of dower to Alice late the wife of Ingelram le Waleys, In Wilts. - a tenament with a little garden in Okebourne, worth 3s. a year; and rent of £4.6.10½d from other lands that Ingelram demised to Alexander de Okebourn, clerk, for his life, in the town of Okebourn. Calendar of Close Rolls 1302-1307 p339.
William de Okebourn was pardoned by King Edward III on 12 October 1346, dated at Calais, of all homicides, felonies, robberies etc.' (Calendar of Patent Rolls 1345-1348).
12 Aug 1370 William Okeburne and Henry Gilbert appointed to repair defects in the paling of the park, & in houses and buildings of the manor of Claryndon (Wilts); [Royal Palace] taking carpenters, hewers of stone and other workmen, to stay at the said work, at the King's wages, as long as need be, with power to commit to prison any that are contrariant in the matter. Calendar of Patent Rolls 1367-1370 p459.
The history of the African American branch of Ogburns in the USA begins with John and Irena (Rena ) Ogburn; they were the first generation. John could be the 'Negro man John' named in the estate inventory of Charles Ogburn in 1839 Will of Charles Ogburn 1836.
There were 58 instances of the name Ogbourne in the 1881 census, mainly in Wiltshire, whilst in 1998 the Swindon area was the top area for the name, whilst for Ogburn there were 109 instances in 1881, and the area around Portsmouth, and the Isle of Wight were the top areas.
In the USA there would be larger numbers in the name of Ogburn with spread across many States, though statistics have not yet been found.
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