Guild of One-Name Studies
One-name studies, Genealogy
The Machula One-Name Study goals are:
Machula is probably a Sudovian (Yotvingian), Old Prussian, or possibly Lithuanian surname. These are all Baltic languages, but the former two are long extinct. Lithuanian is the closest living relative.
The ending -atis or -itis is a Baltic patronymic suffix meaning 'son of.' The meaning of the surname Machula, with its original suffix attached, i.e. Maczullatis or Matschulatis, is probably 'son of Matthew.' Therefore, it is possible the surname had multiple original forebears who were not related.
Machula is a relatively rare surname. Among almost 270,000 surnames in the UK in 2002, there were no Machulas (although at least one family has immigrated since then, based on BMD records).
A 1990 US Census study of over 7 million people, consisting of almost 90,000 surnames, has no Machulas.
A more extensive study was conducted for the 2000 US Census, of almost 270 million people and over 6 million surnames. However, among the downloadable list of the top 150,000 surnames - those with 100 or more members - Machula is not listed.
I have not yet found reliable surname indexes for other countries.
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