Guild of One-Name Studies
One-name studies, Genealogy
Category: 1 - A study where research using core genealogical datasets and transcriptions is in its early stages.
DNA website: www.familytreedna.com/public/Last
Contact: Mr Simon Last
LAST Name Meaning and History
English (East Anglia): Metonymic occupational name for a cobbler or perhaps a metonymic occupational name for a maker of cobblers' lasts
Dutch: metonymic occupational name from Middle Dutch last 'load', 'burden', or a nickname for an awkward character, from Dutch last 'trouble', 'nuisance'.
French: habitional name from a place so named in Puy-de-Dome
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): metonymic occuptional name for a porter, from Middle High German last; German Last or Yiddish last 'burden', 'load'.
Some occurrences of the Last name in history include:
In the 1881 census there were 2,407 Last's recorded in that census.
Currently there are 3,809 people with the surname Last and it ranks number 2097 in the list of surnames of England and Wales
In the 1881 census the most populous counties are Suffolk (657), Essex (83) and Middlesex (81)
In the 1901 census the most populous counties are Suffolk (1,071), London (482) and Essex (395)
Data collection is very much a work in progress. Core sources looked at so far include:
BMD Indexes Census extractions for LAST surname1841, 1851, 1861, 1871 1881, 1891, 1901 and 1911
Commonwealth War casualties for WW1 and WW2 and WW1 medal index cards
Participation in the Guild Marriage Challenge for Registration Districts including Sudbury, Westminster, Christchurch and Colchester
Volunteers wanted! If anyone is willing to contribute a cheek swab I will happily pay for a test for the first two LAST men (from different lines) who volunteer! It is a harmless genealogical DNA test, the test result is a string of numbers, and contains no personal information. Sorry ladies, but unfortunately a man is required for it to be the right sort of DNA and I have already submitted a test myself.
The Y DNA test tells you about your direct male line, which would be your father, his father, and so on back in time.
I am excited to announce that the LAST DNA Project has been established at Family Tree DNA, and it is ready for participants to join and order a test kit.
This is the project's page -
http://www.familytreedna.com/public/Last (you will probably need to copy and paste this link)
The goals of the project are to:
If you are interested in taking part I look forward to hearing from you.
There are twice yearly newsletters called LAST Lines which share information with all those people interested in the LAST surname and back issues can be found by clicking on this link https://www.dropbox.com/sh/3b205a36sqitt8l/x1rZNJshko
You may find our other Guild websites of interest: