Guild of One-Name Studies
One-name studies, Genealogy
Category: 1 - A study where research using core genealogical datasets and transcriptions is in its early stages.
Contact: Mrs Linda Newey
Cutmore is my mother in laws maiden name, and this one name study is, in part, a tribute to her memory. Her Cutmore ancestors originated in Hartest, Suffolk and migrated to Sudbury and ended up in Birmingham, Warwickshire at the turn of the 20th century.
So far I have found records of Cutmores as early as 1600, some of whom fell to the plague in 1666 Hartest. There is much to learn about the Cutmore name and its possible variant Cudmore, and how far reaching the name extends around the world. Please join me on this journey of discovery.
Here shown as my profile picture, is Gilbert Reuben George Cutmore, born 21 July 1897 Sudbury (photo is author's own collection).
Variations in spelling, some which might include the influence of local accents on the Cutmore name, (particularly those in early parish registers), include Cutmar, Cutmer, Catmer ,Cudmore and Cuddemore.
Various reference works suggest different origins for the Cutmore name including Cudmore, Cutmar, Cutmer, Catmer and Cuddemore, as follows:
CUT – from Cuthbert
taken from nicknames/nursenames
‘Pardon me if it offend anyone, for it is but my conjecture’
CUTMORE see CATMUR
Catmur from Catmer: a location in Essex or see CATMORE
CATMORE a loc n. Berks
John Cuddymore 1576 subsidiary rolls
John Cuddamore 1642 Protestation returns Devon
From Cudmore Farm in Bampton, Devon.
CUTMORE see CUDMORE
CUDMORE – English (East Anglia): apparently a habitation name from an unidentified place so called, probably from the Old English personal name Cūđa (a short form of the various compound names with a first element cūđ famous, well known) + Old English mōr marsh, fen (see MOORE). Whether this is borne out by the surrounding landscape would need to be considered.
 Camden (1605) p140
 Barber (1894) p113
 Reaney & Wilson (1958, 1991 ed)
 Hanks & Hodges (1988, 2002 ed) p152
Whilst Camden  does not provide an entry for CUTMORE OR CUDMORE, he suggests that CUT could be from Cuthbert as a nickname, and this could be just as likely an explanation. With the use of a phonetic search on the FreeBMD website, many plausible names were produced, including Cutmar, Cutmer, Catmer and Cuddemore. CUDDEMORE is the name included in Reaney & Wilson , placing it from Cudmore Farm in Bampton, Devon and whether this is the place of origin is yet to be proven.
This is a scarce name according to the ONS List, with 1,046 occurrences for Cutmore and 702 for Cudmore in recent times across England and Wales. Entries in etymological books are equally scarce, and I believe prove rather inconclusive as to the origins, variants and meaning of the name.
Parish Registers include several early references to Cutmers and Cutmors in Hartest, Suffolk. Other datasets link the family name to Bury St Edmunds and the parish of Poslingford. My own family links the name to Hartest, then Sudbury, and then the Midlands, as the name distribution expands from its original roots in East Anglia for the Cutmores, and from Devon for the Cudmores.
My own family connections with the CUTMORE name firmly place it in Suffolk, with records dating back to the 16th century, where I have as yet found no CUDMORE, only CUTMORE with a few instances of CUTMER.
Conclusions from research so far conducted suggests that there are two distinct geographical areas from which the name CUTMORE and CUDMORE are concentrated; that is East Anglia and Devon.
My conclusions so far are that CUTMORE has the most names in East Anglia, with a minority of CUDMORE and that the reverse is the case in Devon, with more CUDMORES and far fewer CUTMORES.
Whether there is a connection between the two names and indeed the two geographical regions are the main questions to be addressed. This ‘might’ suggest a shared origin, but equally one cannot be sure whether they originate from distinctive origins.
According to modern studies the rarer the name, the more likely it to be monogenetic; ie a surname deriving from one source. This certainly could be the case with CUTMORE/CUDMORE, but to find out from just where, is one of the goals of this study.
In Hanks and Hodges , it is interesting that they claim CUTMORE to be the variant of CUDMORE, and they claim East Anglia to be the place of origin, with no mention of Devon and therefore contrary to my findings so far.
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