Guild of One-Name Studies
One-name studies, Genealogy
The surname is probably of locational origin. 'Sad' could mean grey or dark while 'grove' almost certainly refers to a small wood or copse. Thus the name might have been given to a family who lived near a somewhat sombre copse. Place names ending in 'grove' seem to be particularly common in southern England.
The earliest christenings found to date occur in the late 16th Century in the Thames Valley, in both Oxfordshire and Berkshire.
The number of people born with the surname SADGROVE in the UK has been estimated by two methods proposed by a member of the Guild in the Journal of One-Name Studies. Nominally, these methods cover the period 1541 to 1996.
The first method relies on the numbers born per year in England and Wales from 1837, when civil registration of births began. The maximum estimated population size by this method is 1563.
The second method relies on the numbers recorded in UK censuses. Using the 1881 Census gives an estimated population size of 1316.
In the 1881 of England & Wales, the number of people then bearing the surname was 196 and this increased to 210 in the 1901 Census. In 2001, the number estimated from ONS data had fallen to 186.
Whilst the surname cannot be said to be extremely rare, where extinction is a real possibility, the surname is certainly uncommon.
In the UK, the primary movement of Sadgrove families from 1600 was towards London. Some seem to have gone directly from Berkshire or Oxfordshire into London but tracing the family links is proving difficult. Other families moved in stages either to central London or to what are now the southern boroughs of Greater London. More recently, there has been a trend for families to move away from central London.
The other significant cause of movement has been emigration. The earliest instance was that of two brothers who went to Tasmania in the 1830s: most of their descendants remain in Australia. Slightly later, in the 1840s, a Sadgrove went with his family to New Zealand as a soldier. He took his discharge there and founded a sizeable dynasty.
Perhaps the last main emigration was to Canada later in the 1800s but this has yet to be fully researched.
Data collected to date includes:
The Sadgrove DNA Project was set up in 2007 with the guidance of the Chairman of the GOONS DNA Advisory Group, and is using a well-established testing service in the USA. The primary objectives of the project are:
For further details see the link below.
The website of the Sadgrove DNA Project may be found at:
You may find our other Guild websites of interest: