Guild of One-Name Studies
One-name studies, Genealogy
Category: 3 - A study where research using core genealogical datasets and transcriptions is well under way on a global basis.
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Dadswell is a Sussex name born and bred, the name and spelling coming into use in the late 17th century and is a derivation of Dowdeswell, a place in Gloucestershire. The evolution of the name may be found in the Rotherfield, Sussex, parish registers: Doudeswell - Doudswell - Dodeswell - Dodswell - Dadswell.
Although a comparatively new surname, Dadswell has 8th century roots. In the Doomsday Book 1086, the name of the manor in Gloucestershire is listed as Dodesuuelle. This same place may be found in Anglo-Saxon charters ca781-798 as Dogodeswellan, the suggested meaning: 'at Dogod's well'. A grant of land is recorded in the Charters of Worcester Monastary whereby Abbot Hedda conferred out of his own inheritance, Dogodes Well to his relative Heathored, 'for the good of his soul and that of his kinsman'. Birch's Cartularium Saxonicum contains a transcript of this document or will, confirming Hedda's bequest.
The establishment of the Sussex Dadswell family came close to not happening. Robert Doudeswell, according to family lore, was a cattle dealer from the north who settled in Rotherfield Parish sometime in the last decade of the 16th century. He married twice; however, of the several children of both marriages only one son survived to adulthood and married. This son followed the same pattern of marrying twice with only one son surviving, Edward Dodswell/Dadswell. Fortunately, for the continuance of the name, Edward and his wife, Elizabeth, produced a large family, including three sons from whom all Dadswells descend and for this reason, this couple has been dubbed 'the father and mother of all Dadswells'.
Dadswell clockmakers: Thomas Dadswell of Burwash (1688-1752); Thomas Dadswell I of East Grinstead (1719-1769); Thomas Dadswell II of East Grinstead (1749-1794); John Dadswell of Burwash 1727-1789); Edward Dadswell of Eastbourne (1754-1802).
William James Martin Dadswell (1886-1981) RSPCA Inspector and butcher by trade. He and his partner paved the way for legislation enforcing humane animal slaughter, touring the country for years campaigning for their cause, resulting in the Slaughter of Animals Bill, 1933.
Lyndon Raymond Dadswell (1908-1986) renowned Australian sculptor and artist. Several examples of his work are displayed in the Australian War Museum, Canberra.
James Henry Dadswell (1828-1911) served in the Royal Navy. In 1858 he joined a ship bound for the Cape of Good Hope and was a member of the crew that took David Livingstone up the Zambezi.
Thomas William Dadswell (1828-1908) established Dadswells Bridge, Victoria, Australia.
George Dadswell (1886-1938) invented and patented (1924) a type of 'trafficator' for automobiles, a moveable red, glass hand known as a Waydicator, an early version of modern directional signals.
Over the years, England continues to be the home of the largest number of Dadswells. Worldwide, the name is quite uncommon, the distribution of emigrant families up to WWII as follows.
Canada - 19 known immigrant families or couples and single persons who later established families, mainly to Ontario where most reside today; next largest group in British Columbia.
Australia - 14 known, mainly settled Victoria and New South Wales; today equally spread in Victoria, New South Wales and Queensland.
United States - 11 known, mainly settled State of New York Most persons today live New York or Florida and southern states, followed by Michigan.
South Africa - 3 known families, mainly to Johannasburg and Cape Town area; descendants live same area.
New Zealand - Only 1 known family Ireland - 1 family resides there
Civil Registration, birth, marriage, death indexes UK: 1837-2002. Canada: Ontario 1869-1932; BC some. Australia: New South Wales 1846-1940; Victoria 1838-1895.
Census Extractions from UK: 1841-1901; US: 1860-1930; Canada: some Ontario 1861-1901
Rotherfield manor Court records 1631-1753
Transcripts of Wills and Administrations: Sussex probates up to 1858; Probate Office 1858-1900; PCC pre 1858
Military: Commonwealth War Grave Commission records; WWI Medal Rolls; UK, Canada, Australia Honour Rolls; some Boer War
Miscellaneous records: passenger lists, directories, London Gazette, marriage and burial indexes.
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