Guild of One-Name Studies
One-name studies, Genealogy
Variants: Bale, Beale, Beall, Beals
Category: 1 - A study where research using core genealogical datasets and transcriptions is in its early stages.
Contact: Ann Morden
1. Beal is a place name in Northumberland, just south of Berwick, on the River Tweed (Behil coming from Old English beo+hyll, meaning bee hill, or the place where bees swarm). It is also the name of a village in West Yorkshire (Begale from Old English beag (ring) and halh (nook). In this case it may refer to a bend in the River Aire. It may also be derived from the personal name, 'Beaga'.
2. The Gaelic word, 'Beal' or 'Beul' is translated as 'mouth' (either of a river or pertaining to oral gifts, such as oration or singing). The name may also be derived from the ancient Irish name 'O'Baetheghaile'.
The Beal name is found in Northumberland before 1066. Those who bore the surname were possibly members of Border Scots clans who raided England in the 11th and 12th centuries. They may have been descendants of the Boernicians, a people of mixed Pict and Angle blood, who inhabited the border counties of Scotland as well as the northern area of England from Carlisle to Berwick, extending as far south as the north riding of Yorkshire. They may also have had Norse heritage, as the Vikings conducted several raids in the 8th and 9th century on the priory of Holy Island, near the village of Beal.
The other Beal place name, located in West Yorkshire, is mentioned in the Domesday Book in the year 1086 as 'Begale'. This village is located in the parish of Kellington, 4 miles east of Pontrefact, in the West Riding of Yorkshire. The name was also spelled Beaghall or Behal.
Robert de Behal became the Prior of the Abbey of Nostell in West Yorkshire in 1246.
Early immigrants to North America bearing this surname include:
William Beal, passenger on the Fortune, to Plymouth, Massachusetts in 1621
Ninian Beall, born c. 1625, captured by Cromwell in 1650 and sent as an indentured servant to Prince George's Co. Maryland in 1658
Alexander Beall, born c. 1649, to Prince George's Co. Maryland
James Beall, born c. 1652, to Prince George's Co., Maryland
(The above Bealls appear to have their origins in Fifeshire, Scotland)
John Beal, b. 1588, Hingham, Norfolk, England to Boston on the 'Diligence' in 1638. Settled in Hingham, Massachusetts. He was the son of the Rev. Edward Beales.
Abel Beals, one of the above John Beal's descendants, b 1755 in Hingham, Massachusetts, migrated to Nova Scotia about 1777
Arthur Beal, born probably Devonshire, in York, Maine by 1663 (spelled in early York records as 'Bale')
William Beal (not related to the above), born 1664, of York, Maine. Also spelled 'Bale' in early York records.
In the 1881 census of England and Wales, the following frequencies occur for the surnames:
Beal-2812 Beals-232 Beale-3800 Beall-419 Bale-2252
In the 1901 census of Canada, the following frequencies occur for the surnames:
Beal-301 Beals-223 Beall-33 Bale-95 Beale-116
In the 1881 census of England and Wales, counties with significant numbers of individuals carrying the BEAL surname (excluding London and Middlesex Co.) were: Number of Occurrences/ Counties
201-300 Kent, Sussex, Yorkshire (East and West Ridings) 141-200 Surrey 100-140 Yorkshire, North Riding 50-100 Durham, Northumberland, Devon, Hampshire, Warwick Northamptonshire, Oxford, Buckinghamshire
BEALE: this surname variant is more concentrated in the southern counties. Number of Occurrences/ Counties
301-500 Surrey 210-300 Kent, Hampshire, Warwickshire 141-200 Dorset, Sussex 101-140 Gloucestershire, Hertfordshire
BEALL: note - the Bealls from Fife: probably a surname variant of Bell Number of Occurrences/ Counties
51-70 Surrey, Devon, Fife 21-30 Kent, Yorkshire (East and West Ridings) 11-20 Northumberland, Durham, Somerset, Sussex Yorkshire (North Riding), Bedfordshire
BEALS: this variation is far less common Number of Occurrences/ Counties
51-70 Norfolk 21-30 Suffolk, Yorkshire (West Riding) 11-20 Yorkshire (North Riding)
BALE Number of Occurrences/ Counties
301-500 Devon, Somerset 141-200 Leicestershire, Surrey 101-140 Glamorgan
Ancestries for many Beal (and variant spelling) lines in the USA and Canada
Information on English Beals from St. Maurice, Plympton, Devon; Hingham, Norfolk; Sunderland, Durham; Tuckley, Gloucestershire; Scottish Bealls from Fifeshire
1881 Census of England and Wales;
1851, 1881, 1901, 1911 Census of Canada
1880 Census USA
Civil Registration Index England and Wales
LDS International Genealogical Index
BEAL SURNAME DNA PROJECT http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~bealdna/
This project is a multi-surname DNA project. The BEAL SURNAME DNA Project includes the BEAL, BEALS, BEALE, BEALL, BELL, BAILEY, BALES, BAILES, BEALES, BALE, BEEL SURNAME DNA STUDIES. Any other possible variants of the SOUNDEX B400 surnames will be added, as needed.
The project will address the ancestry of these lines by studying the 'Y' Chromosome of living males with ancestry consisting of father, grandfather, great grandfather, g.g. grandfather, g.g.g. grandfather, etc., up the surname male line to their first ancestor to be positively identified through genealogical records and beyond!
Women may paticipate by using male living close relatives with the correct surname as surrogates for the testing.
The objectives of this Y Chromosome DNA Project are:
Now with over 200 participants, we were one of the pioneer DNA projects, originally mentioned in Dick Eastman's Online Genealogy Newsletter http://www.eogn.com in 5/24/2001 - Archive Beal Surname DNA Project Read at: http://www.ancestry.com/learn/library/article.aspx?article=3941
OPERATION OF THE PROJECT
Any individual wanting to be tested through FamilyTree DNA (FTDNA) may sign up at https://www.familytreedna.com/group-join.aspx?code=K45483&Group=Beal You may furnish your descendants chart or ancestry as well as ask if you have questions to email@example.com
WE ALSO USE A UK FIRM, DNA HERITAGE (DNAH) FOR REASONABLY PRICED TESTING TO POTENTIAL PARTICIPANTS IN THE UK OR ELSEWHERE OUTSIDE THE USA AND CANADA. Check out their website at www.dnaheritage.com.
Individuals with little or no recorded ancestry may participate in hopes of making a match to existing haplotypes (genetic signatures) that are part of the project or known data bases. This has been done in several cases in the project. The test is done via simple swabs inside the cheeks of the mouth. A kit and set of instructions are furnished for that purpose. Each participant will be given their individual results and given access to the web site. Each will be identified by a coded number in the charts. None of the participants will be identified nor will their family lineage other than their thumbnail migration pattern from their earliest ancestor, be posted without their permission. Those wishing to be identified for easy contact can express that desire to an administrator.
This is a private project run by volunteers for BEAL, BEALE, BEALS, BEALL, BELL, and other Soundex B400 family genealogists. If you are interested in being on the cutting edge of this new genealogy tool, please submit the required information to be tested by either FTDNA or DNAH, as you prefer.
Beal Surname DNA Study: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~bealdna/
Charles Lewis Beal Home Page: http://www.genealogy.com/ftm/b/e/a/Charles-L-Beal/
Our Beals Genealogy Room: http://beals-genealogy.com
Beal - Genealogy.com http://www.genealogy.com/forum/surnames/topics/beal/
John Beal of Hingham Massachusetts https://archive.org/details/johnbealofhingha1865shur
A Genealogy of Our Beals Family http://beals-genealogy.com/genealogy/
Kim Beall's Beall History Pages http://www.krystalrose.com/kim/BEALL/
You may find our other Guild websites of interest: