Guild of One-Name Studies
One-name studies, Genealogy
The study was started in April 2006 in support of my own Winney Family History research using information gathered since 2003.
The objectives are to:
* Collect and cross-reference available data about past and present holders of the name WINNEY, WHINNEY, WINNIE, WINNY, WHINNIE and WHINNY.
* Identify and document family trees.
* Make this data available to genealogical researchers and family historians researching their Winney ancestors.
* Exchange data with other researchers of the name willing to share data
* Analyse the data to establish regional links and origins.
The Internet Surname Database also suggests that this is an ancient surname of pre 7th century Olde English and Welsh-Celtic origins that derives either from the female personal name Wyngeofu meaning battle-joy, or Winfridd meaning friend of peace.
These theories imply belief that the surname originated and survived for over 500 years before inherited surnames became usual in England and over 700 years before the name appears in the written record as a surname. I leave it to the reader to decide which if any of these stories to believe.
Early examples of the surname given in the Oxford Dictionary of English Surnames from subsidy rolls are Robert WYNEUE and Benedict WYNYEUE 1327 (Suffolk) and John de WHINHOW 1332 (Cumberland) and it is likely that these are the earliest recorded instances of the surname in England and indicate at least two possible origins.
In the USA the name is known to be of Dutch origin from the earliest European settlers. The IGI includes records provided by family historians claiming ancestry back to Francis WINNIE baptised 1583 in Leeuwarden and Pieter WINNIE baptised 1609 in Ghent. More recent immigrants with the surname are recorded as originating from England, Ireland, and Germany.
Place names in England include Winney's Down on Dartmoor (grid square SX 6381), Whinneyfield Road in Tyne and Weir, and Whinnyfield Wood in Suffolk (grid square TL9841).
The England and Wales censuses indicate totals of all variants of about 250 in 1841, 440 in 1881, 550 in 1891 and 600 in 1901. The Commonwealth War Graves Commission has records of 25 men killed in the two World Wars, including a civilian casualty.
The USA census of 1860 has a total nearly 800, by 1930 this had doubled to nearly 1600.
ONS statistics for 2002 indicate that at that time there were more than 900 people living in England and Wales with the name. Registered births from 1984 to 2004 are about 270.
Frequency of the name in the US 1990 census was less than 0.0005% of the total population and so too small to show a total, but this percentage of the total US population could be as many as 1700 people.
Ancestry.com reports over 4000 entries in all the released US censuses and nearly 1400 matches in the US immigration records, but these also include WINNE.
The variant with the H predominated in the North Country and variants without the H appeared more frequently in the South.
Both major varients are to be found in Scotland and Ireland.
In the USA records of the name cluster around New York State in and near the areas where Dutch settlement first occurred, for example the land records of Saratoga NY. As much as one-third of the 50 or so individuals listed as serving in the US Civil War appear to have been in New York regiments.
Present day distribution of the name also includes Australia, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa, and Germany.
Other data held includes:
* 1851 and 1881 census for England and Wales;
* Parts of other censuses relating to families in London, Suffolk, Essex, Gloucester and Herefordshire, and
* Extracts from Parish Records in these areas;
* Oddments of data relating to the name that have come to my attention;
* Extracts from the England and Wales BMD indexes from 1837 to 1983;
* Probate Records England and Wales - 1866-1941.
These BMD extracts, 1851 and 1881 Census, and Probate Records 1866-1941 may be viewed and searched in the *Guild Archive.*
Enquiries are welcome - contact details below.
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