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3582

Stuttard

 

About the study

My research covers all Stuttards everywhere and everywhen. In its original home area of the Pendle region of Lancashire and neighbouring Craven district of Yorkshire the name would be pronounced like the English word 'stuttered' so in its early years the variations Stutterd and Stutard were common.

Variant names

Less common spelling variations included use of 'th' instead of the double 't' or an 'o' instead of the 'u' but these were typically just the occasional parish register entry and not to be confused with the Stotherd, Stothart and similar surnames which arose in Lincolnshire and East Yorkshire, and the Stoddard, Stoddart and similar surnames which were of Irish origin and arrived in England via migration into Cumbria & Northumberland over the Scottish border and via the port of Liverpool and along the Mersey Canal into Manchester. Frequently when a Stuttard relocated to an area where one of these spellings was already dominant they lost their own spelling and the name altered to the locally more frequent version.

Some Stutterds retained that spelling when they moved away from the Pendle area purely to retain the 'stuttered' pronunciation in areas where the 'ard' ending would change the pronunciation - for example a fmaily that settled firstly in Huddersfield, later in Banbury then emigrated from there in the 1850s. The last to use the Stutterd spelling in UK died in the early 1950s.

Name origin

These 3 totally separate spelling groupings arose in different locations but were for a common occupational root. Like Shepherd the ending refers to a keeper of animals: - a stott was an old English term for a pack animal - any sort of pack animal. Likewise we have the word stud nowadays to mean a collection of horses which derives from this source. So the name is an occupational one for the keeper of any animals used to pull carts prior to the Industrial revolution.

History of the name

There have been few notable Stuttards but the 4 below deserve mention:

Mason Stuttard was a self-taught multilinguist who wrote the textbooks still used 60 years later to learn the language Esperanto and also translated many novels into the language. He did not return home to UK after World War 2 but remained in Yugoslavia for many years as Tito's personal English interpreter until his retirement.

William Thomas Stuttard was working as a magazine correspondent covering the Spanish Civil War when he was headhunted by the London Times to be their Spanish correspondent based in Madrid.

Ellis Stuttard's football playing career was interrupted by World war 2. He was originally a Burnley player but was transferred to the West country where he played for Torquay, Exeter and Plymouth. Later he managed Plymouth Argyle to their highest ever League placing in 1963 - today he would have taken them to the playoffs for the Premiership. He also served them as club scout - a position he also filled for Arsenal before returning to Devon. In that capacity he 'discovered' both Paul Mariner and Trevor Francis who would both subsequently play many times for England. Brian Clough brought his European Champions side Nottingham Forest (including Francis) to Plymouth for Ellis' testimonial game when he finally retired.

Sir John Boothman Stuttard was Lord Mayor of London in the 2000s having ahd a significant accountaincy career. His is the only known Stuttard coat of arms.

Distribution of the name

Until the coming of the canals and railways the name was almost totally confined to Pennine areas of Lancashire and Yorkshire with an isolated representation in London. Primarily the Stuttards were cotton weavers and agricultural labourers with a sprinkling of carpenters and blacksmiths. The Industrial Revolution led to greater mobility and the ability to relocate when the weaving industry fell into decline saw the Stuttards spreading tghroughout the rest of Yorkshire and Lancashire and into neighbouring Cheshire and ocasionally further afield in like a family based in Bermondsey. They also began to leave UK for USA, Canada and Australia around this time.