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Our 2,744 members have registered
2,397 study surnames with us
and a further 6,089 variant names.

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About the study

This is a place holder for this One-Name Study profile page.

Variant names

Rothenburgh, Rottenburg

This study does not cover Rothenberg which is a separate name. However  Rothenburg has sometimes in the past been written as Rothenberg, and sometimes vice versa. As far as possible I will try to establish the correct name.

Name origin

Rothenburg is of course a German name, meaning red castle.  Rothenburg ob der Tauber is a famous town, historic and picturesque.  The Rothenburgs were an important noble family in medieval Germany and became Grand Dukes of hesse

Rothenberg means red mountain, and is the name of several places in Germany and was adopted particularly by Ashkenazic Jews.

Historical occurrences of the name

 The Rothenburgs were an important noble family in medieval Germany and became Grand Dukes of Hesse

Walter Rothenburg was an international boxing promoterin the years between World War 1 and World War II

Susan Rothenburg is a contemporary American artist

Name frequency

In the 1881 census the name occurred 31 times, and in 2002 according to the ONS database there were 56

(in comparison there were 18Rothenbergs in 1881 and 46 in 2002)

Distribution of the name

In 1881 most of the Rothenburgs were in the London area including the East London area which was in the county of Essex. There were also Rothenburgs in Hull


I have gathered most of the Rothenburg data for England which appear in the GRO births, marriages, and deaths; census returns; probate records; many baptism registers; criminal registers;  military records; Newspaper reports from newspapers now available online.


Susan Martin

I hope to have a dedicated Rothenburg website in the near future