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About the study
According to the Oxford Dictionary of English Surnames, (reaney & Wilson), the entry for Mingay, Mingey, reads:
'Johanness filius Menghi c1154-5 DC(L); Robertus filius Mingghi 1178-81 Clerkenwell (Ess); Andrew Mengy 1262 For(Ess); Richard Mingy 1276 FFEss. Menguy, a Breton name, 'stone dog' from Breton men 'stone' and ki 'dog''
Some of the names of Titled Families the Mingays' intermarried and hence became related. The first being William the Conqueror, in 1066 when a Mingay who came from Normandy was allegedly related to William.
When the Mingay's came to this Country, some say they were Vikings. Some say that they were probably Saxon, people who formerly dwelt in Germany, and those who invaded England in the 5th and 6th centuries. Some say they Norman, a native of Normandy, who came over with William the Conqueror in 1066.
In the early years the surname was most likely to have been recorded by Scribes, as they saw, and the way that they spoke, phonetically. It was shown that the 1st record of the name Mingay was found in Midlothian, where they were granted lands by Malcolm Canimore, King of Scotland. Malcolm 1st reigned (943 to 954), if, as some think, that they landed in the Hebrides long before William 1066 then they could be Scandinavian. There is some speculation that Menzies may also be a variant.
The mystery that surrounds the surname 'Mingay', as it is spelt in some variations today, and the different ways that they recorded it as a Norman Surname, at that time, was ranked as one of the oldest. These are some of the places that they have taken records from, the Doomsday Book, that was compiled by William the Conqueror, and other ancient manuscripts, such as the Ragman Rolls, the Wace Poem, the Honour Roll, of the Battle Abbey, The Curis Regis, Pipe Rolls, the Falaise Roll, Tar Records, Baptismal, Family Genealogies, Local Parish and Church records and most reliable the wills they left. (Jack Mingay after Trevor Hearve Mingay).
My own DNA profile does confirm Scandinavian origins which may support the notion that the family had connection with Rollo who founded the Duchy of Normandy, and hence the birth of William 1st and subsequent history of England.
Distribution of the name
Much of the data I hold is published on the web site http://www.mingayhistorywebpages.com
This data has been collected by Anthony Mingay, and myself over several decades