Is your Surname registered?

Our 2,869 members have registered
2,478 study surnames with us
and a further 6,287 variant names.

3,343 total views, 1 views today

3156

Jack

 

About the study

In an effort to understand the origin of our name, below please see articles from many Scottish publications whom show the name JACK or JAK. These are laid out in no date order and some of the translation will be hard to understand, I have not removed all of the errors as yet from this 1st draft.

In Black's Surnames of Scotland; it says 'the surname was not uncommon in Aberdeen in the seventeenth century'. It does mention a few other folk of that name though, such as Robert Jack, merchant and burgess of Dundee who was 'hangit and quarterit for false coin' in 1567; Gilbert Jack in Uddingston in 1498; a John Jack in Glasgow around the same time; and a Wil. Jak, tenant of the mill of 'Kethek' in 1473.

If you also look at the surname JACKSON in this early literature it was spelt JAKSOUNE. My assumption is that the surname JACK came from JAK originally. Although this does not dispel the surname JACQUE/S which first appeared in Scotland around 1700 and has almost disappeared today, many having changed the spelling to JACK.

The story I have included from Jim Jack on his families claim to a connection to the Chiefs of the MacIan Clan certainly is plausible, further investigation will be carried out.

David Jack, Timaru, NZ.

Variant names

The following variants are JAK, JACKE, JACKS, JACKIS, JACQUE, JACQUES, JEEKS, JEKE, JEEX, JAQUISS, JAQUEZ are associated with the modern surname.

Name origin

This interesting surname is of early medieval English origin, and is a surname formed from either one of two male given names, Jacob or John. Jacob derives from the Hebrew 'aqob' meaning 'supplanter' or, 'following-after'. In the Bible, this is the name of the younger twin brother of Esau, who took advantage of the latter's hunger and impetuousness to part with his birthright 'for a mess of potage'. The forename James is f identical origin, and both appear as 'Jacobus' in the Latin. The Old French given name 'Jacques', the usual French form of 'Jacobus', was introduced into England by the Normans after the Conquest of 1066, and was Anglicized variously as 'Jake', 'Jacke' and 'Jeke'. The personal name John derives from the Hebrew 'Yochanan' meaning 'Jehovah has favoured (me with a son)'.

The popularity of this name throughout Europe is borne out by the wide variety of diminutive and pet forms it generated, including Jakke, Jak and Jack. One Petrus filius (son of) Jake was noted in the 1195 Pipe Rolls of Cornwall. The surname is first recorded in the mid 13th Century (see below) and William Jake was a witness in the Assize Court Rolls of Cambridgeshire (1260).

One of the earliest settlers in the New World was John Jack (27 yrs.), who departed from the Port of London, aboard the 'Amitie', bound for St. Christopher's in the Barbados, in October 1635. A Coat of Arms granted to the family is a shield divided per saltire silver and black, with two green leaves in pale and two gold acorns in fesse, the Crest being a green pear tree, fructed gold.

The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William Jagge, which was dated 1251, in the 'Chartulary of Ramsey Abbey', during the reign of King Henry 111, known as 'The Frenchman', 1216 - 1272. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to 'develop' often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Pronounced: Jak Derived from Jacklin (earlier Jakin) a medieval pet form of John.

Scottish and English: from a Middle English personal name, Jakke, from Old French Jacques, the usual French form of Latin Jacobus, which is the source of both Jacob and James. As a family name in Britain, this is almost exclusively Scottish.

English and Welsh: from the same personal name as 1, taken as a pet form of John.

German (also Jack): [I:from a short form of the personal name Jacob. Americanized form of one or more like-sounding Jewish surnames.]

Read more: http://www.surnamedb.com/Surname/Jack#ixzz0tWpoZtrg

History of the name

Some of the first settlers of this family name or some of its variants were: John Jack who settled in St. Christopher in 1635; Ezekiel Jack settled in Virginia in 1663; Morris and John Jack settled in Boston Mass. in 1763; William Jack arrived in Boston Mass. in 1849. James Jacks who settled in Maryland in 1774; J. Michael Jacks settled in Philadelphia Pa. in 1740; R.C. Jacks settled in San Francisco Cal. in 1850; Andrew Jack settled in the Barbados in 1745.

In Scotland first found in Renfrewshire where they held a family seat at Woodall between Langbank and the Port of Glasgow from ancient times.

Distribution of the name

USA, Canada, England, Scotland, Australia, New Zealand

Data

Index to JACK (JAK) listings in the following publications held by David Jack

  1.  JACK surname reference from early Scottish literature summary
  2.  The Diocese and Presbytery of Dunkeld 1660-1689 volume 1 by Rev. John Hunter. JACK Listings
  3.  The Diocese and Presbytery of Dunkeld 1660-1689 volume 2 by Rev. John Hunter. JACK Listings
  4. Epitaphs and Inscriptions from Burial Grounds & Old Buildings in the Nth East of Scotland Vol 2 1879
  5. A history of the highlands and of the highland clans Vol 3 (1745) JACK Listings
  6. Epitaphs and Inscriptions from Burial Grounds & Old Buildings in the Nth East of Scotland Vol 1 1879
  7. JACOBITE MEMOIRS of the Rebellion of 1745 by Right Rev. Robert Forbes. JACK Listings
  8. Inverurie & the Earldom of the Garioch from earliest times to the revolution settlement by Rev John Davidson 1878. JACK Listings
  9. Inverness Kirk-session records, JACK Listings 1661-1880
  10. Monuments and monumental JACK inscriptions in Scotland, Volume 2 (1871)
  11. SRS - Register of Testaments - Edinburgh - JACK (JAK) Listings from 1514-1600
  12. Roll of eminent burgesses of Dundee, JACK Listings 1513-1886 (1887)
  13. SRS - Register of Testaments - Edinburgh - JACK Listings from 1601-1700 (1898)
  14. SRS - Register Of Marriages Of The City Of Edinburgh, JACK Listings from 1751-1800
  15. SRS - Record of Society Register of The Burgesses of the Burgh of the Canongate, JACK Listing
  16. SRS - Register Of Edinburgh Apprentices, JACK Listings, 1666- 1700
  17. SRS - Roll Of Edinburgh Burgesses And Guild-Brethren, JACK Listings 1406-1700 & 1701-1760
  18. SRS - Calendar Of Writs Preserved At Yester House. JACK Listings 1166-1625
  19. SRS - Protocol Book oF Mr. GILBERT GROTE, 1552-1573 resident in Edinburgh, but clerk of the diocese of Caithness, JACK Listings 1548 and 1549
  20. SRS - Register Of Edinburgh Apprentices, showing JACK Listings and others 1583- 1666
  21. History of the parish of Banchory-Devenick (1890)
  22. Dunkeld, its straths and glens, or, Central Perthshire, historical and descriptive - JACK Listing page 12
  23. Dunkeld, its straths and glens, or, Central Perthshire, historical and descriptive - JACK Listing page 23
  24. The principal acts of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland 1810 By Church of Scotland. General Assembly
  25. Oliver and Boyd's Pronouncing Gazetteer of the world Descriptive and Statistical 1880 JACK Listings
  26. THE GAZETTEER OF THE WORLD by Thomas C. Jack 1885
  27. Descriptions of the sheriffdoms of Lanark & Renfrew compiled about 1710 by W Hamilton JACK Listings
  28. Ancient criminal trials in Scotland 1615-1624 Volume 3 pt 2
  29. The life of Andrew Melville: containing illustrations of the ecclesiastical ... By Thomas MacCrie
  30. Ancient criminal trials in Scotland 1609-1615 Volume 3 pt 1
  31. Ancient criminal trials in Scotland 1600-1609 Volume 2 pt 2
  32. Abstracts of protocols of the town clerks of Glasgow Volume 10
  33. Abstracts of protocols of the town clerks of Glasgow Volume 9
  34.  A military history of Perthshire, JACK Listings 1899-1902
  35. ANNALS OF BANFF. JACK Listings 1628
  36. Old faces, old places and old stories of Stirling, Volume 1 JACK Listings
  37. Scotland Before 1700: From Contemporary Documents JACK Listings
  38. Old Dundee, ecclesiastical, burghal, and social, prior to the reformation ..... By Maxwell, Alexander, F.S.A. Scotland
  39. The Scottish Grey Friars, Volume 1 (n.d.) JACK Listings
  40. The Post-Office annual Glasgow directory (1892) JACK Listings
  41. JACK Reference from The Post-Office annual Glasgow directory (1892),
  42. The Norman People and their existing defendants in the British Dominions & the USA
  43. Epitaphs and Inscriptions from Burial Grounds & Old Buildings in the Nth East of Scotland Vol 2 1879

DNA

Here is my link to the JACK DNA pages on Ancestry. http://groups.ancestry.com/site/57859203/. We have a few but would like more to contribute please.

Links

Contact