Is your Surname registered?

Our 2,981 members have registered
8,935 study surnames with us.
Is your surname one of them?

3,228 total views, 4 views today

3150

Inskip

 
inskip

About the study

The purpose of the Inskip One Name Study is to trace the history of the men and women born with that name. What are its earliest origins? How did it migrate? Where did the Inskips live? What did they do? How were they affected by the social, economic and political events around them? I am looking for common themes to build an Inskip profile. I also want to help link people interested in the surname with each other and their ancestors.

Variant names

The spelling of the name can vary a great deal, due to the habit of phonetic spelling and strong regional accents in the areas where it is found. Try saying Inskip with a black country accent and you can see why it is spelt Inskeep.
 
The following are the most common forms in historic records:-
Inskip (Inskipe, Enskip) - The most common form; found in Bedfordshire, Lancashire, Australia
Inskipp (Inskippe)  Most often found in  Sussex, or families that emigrated from Sussex
Inskeep (Inskep) The Staffordshire version of the name,  found in the US and New Zealand
Inscip, Inskype, Ensicp  Most often found in early records

Name origin

The name derives from the village of Inskip, near Preston, in Lancashire, England.

The surname Inskip is classed as a ‘quite rare’ English surnames’ (ie 300 -6000 on the 1881 census). In 2002 in England and Wales there were 1,041 people with the name (see below). It derives from the village of Inskip, near Preston in Lancashire, England. The Domesday book entry is Inscip.

The word Inskip has Celtic and Norse roots -

Celtic –‘inis’ ‘cip’ = island or meadow of the long grass
Welsh – ‘’ynys’ = island; Norse - ‘cype’ = osier or willow making; so island of osier baskets or island where the willow grows
There is also a definition in the 1891 History of St Michael's, by the Chetham Society that gives the meaning dating back to pre-historic times as:

enge = a narrow place
skip = ship
Overall the meaning seems to indicate a place that has water, is marshy and people need boats to get around. In pre-history boats would have been made of willow.

Inskip is situated in the heart of lowland Wyre and Fylde on the old Preston to Blackpool Road in Lancashire. Nearby is the ancient Carr House Green Common with its wide open space teaming with wildlife and affording good views to the Forest of Bowland Fells. See old photographs See current photographs. The Fylde area is wet and warm (for England!) and many places around have the word moss in the name. The natural landscape is therefore bog and shrub land and has to be drained to be cultivated.

Before the Romans came around 71 AD the Fylde was poplulated by the Setantii tribe. After the Romans left Britain around 401 AD, the Fylde became a Celtic land again where the Cumbri tribe spoke a British tongue closely related to Old Welsh. This land, that was to become Lancashire in 1181, was sandwiched uncomfortably between the Scottish, Irish and Saxon realms. It was a frontier region in both the cultural and political senses and this was a powerful element in the area's strong and enduring sense of separateness and identity.

Lancashire has a large number of Celtic placenames; many settlements have names which are wholly or partly Celtic, which suggests people who lived here continued to speak that language well into the 7th & 8th centuries. The Fylde was part of the hundred of Amounderness in the kingdom of Northumbria from between 600 AD - 860 AD when it passed to Mercia. In 919 the Fylde finally came under Wessex, and thus English rule. With the Norwegian Viking invaders of the 9th century and those who came and settled after being evicted from Dublin in the 10th, the Fylde become a racially mixed area of British Celt, Saxon, Irish and Viking. (Background kindly provided by Christine Storey, Secretary of Poulton-le-Flyde Civic Society.)

In 1016 Malcolm II of Scotland is said to have devastated the Flyde area. When this is combined with the Norman genocide of the North of Engand post 1066, it is not surprising that the area was still mainly wasteland at the time of the 1086 Domesday survey; with only 16 villages and few inhabitants. The Doomsday book entry for Inskip reads - 'Inscip has 2 carucates of land and Sorbi (Sowerby) one'.

After the conquest (1066) Inskip's most notable feature is the manor, which was part of the lands of Earl Tostig, King Harold's brother who died fighting Harold at the battle of Stamford Bridge in 1066. Around 1068 the manor was given to Roger de Poitou as part of a large land holding in Lancashire buffering England and Scotland. In 1160-1170 The Master Serjeant of the area appears to have been Saxon, Ughtred, son of Huck - an indication maybe of the inhospitable landscape. By the 13th century the land is held by the de Carlton family, and then passed via marriage to the Botiller or Butler family.– “The manor of Inskip was given by her father, to Alicia daughter of William de Carleton in 1281 on her marriage to Richard Botiller”.

The people around Inskip are said to be a mix of Celtic, Scandinavian and Angle descent. The whole social landscape of the area is small remote villages.

~~~{Mike Inskip from Staffordshire has undertaken a DNA Y chromosome test for ethnic origin, and is Celtic - the oldest ethnic group in the British Isles. Family DNA testing is done on part of the Y chromosome that is passed unchanged from father to son; it can therefore show origin and links between people with the same surname.}~~~

The name Inskip would have been first used by people who came from the Inskip area. The earliest records show Inskips living around Inskip in Sowerby. But they do not appear to stay in the area; records from the 16th century onwards do not show any Inskips around the village. Enclosure may have been the reason.

Originally the name, as with all place name surnames, had a preposition, de Inskip. Before the fourteenth century, surnames were a way of describing the person (often for legal identity), not hereditary family names. So, you would get John son of Henry of Bolton, or William the Blacksmith or Thomas ‘do little’. Hereditary surnames were adopted in the twelfth century for higher ranks and by 1399 almost everyone had a hereditary surname

 

History of the name

Early Inskips

People associated with the village of Inskip in 1086 at the time of the Domesday book were:-

Alflaed; Alfred; Alwine; Arnketil; Biarni; Claman; Dolgfinnr; Earl Edwin; Earl Tosti; Egbrand; Everard, man of William de Percy; Flotmann; Gamal; Gamal Barn; Gluniairnn; Gospatric; Gunnar; Hrafnsvartr; Ketil; Leysingr; Orm; Ramkel; Rawn; Roger de Poitou; Suneman; Thor; Thorbiorn; Thorbrandr; Thorfinnr; Thorgrim; Thorkil; Toli; Ulf; Ulfkil; William; William de Percy; Wulfric

The earliest Inskips found to date are as follows and seem highly likely to be one family:-

  • Richard de Inskip - 1226 William de Carleton released to Dieulacres Abbey, Leek, Staffordshire, Richard, son of Richard, son of Alan de Inskip (which means Alan was probably born in the 12th century)
  • Margery de Inskip – mentioned in 1246 in the Lancashire Assizes Rolls as wife of Thomas de Inskip deceased. Residence unknown
  • Robert de Inskip - is given as father of Adam.
  • Adam de Inskip - late 1200's, Inskip in Sowerby; with children Robert de Inskip, Richard de Inskip, William de Inskip and Thomas de Inskip & Agnes de Inskip of Upper Rawcliffe. Adam and Robert challenge William de Carleton over some land in Inskip around 1280, when the manor is given to Alicia and Richard Botiller. Adam and his children were forever bartering over land. This was a time of huge population growth in Britain, and just before the Black Death struck in 1349.
  • Hugh and William Inscippe both of the Lancashire area around 1321 (possibly Adam's sons)
  • Thomas de Inscip- (possibly son of Adam) April 1322, receives a pardon from Edward II for his part in a rebellion by the Earl of Lancaster and other barons against the king. The barons had been angry that a 'favourite' courtier of the king, Hugh Despener, had used his position to strengthen his landholdings in Wales and the Marches. The barons took London, and the king exiled Despener and agreed to pardon Lancaster and his 500 supporters.
  • Rico (Richard) de Inskip – 1332 (possibly son of Robert) in Inskip and Sowerby, paying lay subsidy on his goods to the Abbot of Combermere to fund Edward III war with Scotland. Much of this part of Lancashire belonged to landowners in Cheshire.

'''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''BLACK DEATH 1349 ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''

  • Robert de Inskip - listed in a book of English Goldsmiths as being active in York in 1365
  • John of Inskip – who in 1399 was given land at Hegham, Claughton, Lancashire; maybe as a survivor of the Black Death
  • Roger de Inskyp - 1415, Archer went on the French Expedition with Henry V as a Yeoman Valettes
  • Roger Inskip and Richard Inskip - 1429-30, Archers, garrisoned at Rouen
  • Edward Inskype - 1488 held land in Broughton, Lancashire
  • Richard Inskippe – born around 1480, died in Chichester, Sussex in 1520
  • William Inskypp who leased a coalmine at Gateshead in 1513 from the Bishop of Durham and who thus must have been born in the late 1400’s as well. The mines had some of the best coal in Europe and were situated in Pipewellgate (NZ25236359). Today there is an Inskip Terrace in the area!

Notable Inskips

  • Richard Inskip, Pardoner () Chichester – outlawed in 1521 for helping his friend escape from the hangman’s noose (literally; he cut him down)
  • Rev William Inskip – (- 1582) – Vicar of Bonsall in Derbyshire in 1554 and later St John the Baptist, Clowne, Derbyshire. His life spanned the most turbulent times in English religious history with 5 monarchs. He founded the village school in Clowne - at the time a most unusual village amenity. There is a copy of his will on the Inskip Community website (see below) translated by Mike Inskip.
  • Bishop Inscip – Bishop in Westminster Abbey in reign of Henry VIII
  • Roger Inskip - 1570's, Alnwick, son of Mrs Agnes Inskip (nee Armorer) and Thomas Sutton. Thomas was the founder of London Charterhouse and in the 1570's was sent north by Queen Elizabeth to sort out the mess caused by the rising of the catholic northern earls against the Queen. Roger had to prove he was Thomas' son and was rewarded by being put in the army stationed at Berwick.
  • Ralph Inskip - 1633 in Berwick, is charged 20pounds for using 'blasphemous woordes'.
  • James Inskip born around 1613 - was a soldier under Major Hill, in the Admiral William Penn/General Venables expedition to Jamacia in 1654. James' wife Abigail applies for arrears of pay in 1656 following his death in Jamaica. Between 1610-1660 the English Crown issued charters to companies of adventurers to establish settlements in what is now North America and the West Indies. James Inskip and Abigail Duffield married in St George's Southwark in 1639.
  • John Inskipp - Constable of West Hythe, Sussex, in January 1692 he was charged with concealing and harbouring Frenchmen; committed of high treason and sent to Newgate Prison - where he was presumably hanged as a traitor ! At this time William and Mary were uneasily on the throne, and the French were supporting a restoration of the catholic James II; following his defeat at the Battle of the Boyne in Ireland in July 1690 by William. The French navy had trounced the British navy in late July 1690 and were roving the English Channel at will. There was a great fear of invasion, which eventually did come in May 1692 - the French were defeated by a smarting British/Dutch navy in a 6 day battle off La Hogue.
  • Sir John Inskip (Lade), MP (1730 -1759) - Born John Inskip in Uckfield,Sussex, he inherited his title from his great uncle Sir John Lade, who made a fortune in brewing. To obtain the title he had to change his name to Lade. He became the MP for Camelford. His son Sir John Lade (who was in essence the second John Inskip) became a notable rake; was a lover of Mary Robinson (Perdita); married the Duke of York's mistress, Letita Derby; and ran the Prince of Wales' racing stables.
  • James Inskipp, Artist, (1790-1868) Battle, Sussex - A painter of note who specialised in attractive women, everyday life, landscapes and illustration. His pictures were greatly admired in his time. In 1832 he was an illustrator for Sir Walter Scott's Waverley Novels. From 1833 to 1836 he illustrated Izaak Walton's 'Compleat Angler'. In 1838 he published a series of engravings 'Studies of Heads from Nature'. He exhibited at the Royal Academy from 1816 to 1864, and also at the British Institution and the Royal Society of British Artists. Titles shown at the Royal Academy included 'Boy with Fruit', 'Pere la Chaise', and 'Market Girls'. He did not marry.
  • Thomas Inskip, Watchmaker, (around 1780 - 1849 Kimbolton) Shefford, Befordshire– Famous watchmaker. Friend of the 'romantic' poets John Clare, and Robert Bloomfield he was a minor poet himself. He was responsible for the publication of several of Clare's poems including I Am. Amateur archaeologist and collector of roman relics, his collection is now in the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge. He died of cholera in Brighton. His son Hampden Inskip (1816-1876), and grandson Alfred Thomas Inskip (1853 - 1938) both followed him into the family watchmaking and jewellery business, and looked after many public and large private clocks in Bedfordshire, including Flitton Church and Southill Hall.
  • John Inskip, in 1792 was sentenced to death at the Old Bailey for stealing a pair of shoes worth 7 shillings.
  • Rev John Swannel Inskip (1816 - 1884) Huntingdon, Cambridge - Became a famous American Methodist Minister, in Wilmington USA. He joined his parents Edward Inskip (linked to the Bedfordshire Inskips) and Martha Swannell in the US, they had gone the year before. In a book about John Inskip, written just after his death, the following appears. Of his ancestors, Mr. John S. Inskip says - So far as I am informed, I am happy to say that they were without rank or title. They belonged to the honest yeomanry of their day. There were among them several who took the impress of their character from their neighbor, Oliver Cromwell. On political and church questions, they were 'reformers'. One of my uncles, who obtained some political celebrity, died in the act of making a speech, at a reform meeting. They were all 'Dissenters.
  • John Jennings Inskip, Soldier (1781-1862) Hastings, Sussex - was with 13th Light Dragoons on 18th June 1815 at the battle of Waterloo. The 13th were a cavalry regiment and took part in the Charge of the Light Brigade. There is a possibility he was the brother of Peter Inskip who was a Master in the Royal Navy and father of the Navel Inskips below. Both Peter and John ran schools in later life.
  • Henry Inskip, Author and Journalist (1791-1856) - born in Betchworth, Surry, possibly the son of James Inskipp (junior) and Mary Phipps from Battle and likely brother of James Inskip the artist mentioned above. He was an author and much respected city journalist on the Morning Post. He published The Crimea Quadrills in 1854 - dedicated to the British, French and Turkish forces.
  • Harry Inskip, Businessman, (1809 - ?) Hertford - became Mayor of Hertford, but also exhibited a new egg boiler and powder and shott flask at the Great Exhibition of 1851.
  • Henry Isaac Inskip, Soldier (1813-1858) - Born in Ingatestone, Essex the son of agricultural worker Thomas Inskip and Mary, he joined the 94th Regiment of Foot at age 17. Life with the army meant travel; he married in Ireland, and raised his family in Madras, India. On leaving the army in 1852 he was a Colour Sergeant - the highest non-commissioned rank. But adventure still beckoned, in 1854 he sailed for Western Australia as a Pensioner Guard (with his family) on the convict ship Sea Park. He could have settled there as part of the new police force, but decided to move on to Southern Australia (where he lost 2 daughters) and eventually Sydney where he became a Camp Sergeant in the new Australian, Native Police Force.
  • Peter Palmer Inskip, Rev Robert Mills Inskip,and George Hastings Inskip, mid 19th century brothers and sons of Peter Inskip from Plymouth, Devon who all became Royal Navy Sea Captains. George gave his name to Inskip Point in Australia. His adventures are written in a book on HMS Virago and may explain why one of the desendants of the Bounty mutineers on Pitcairn was called Robert Inskip Buffett. Rev Robert became the first instructor at the Royal Navel College at Dartmouth and earned both the Baltic Medal in the Crimea War, and Order of the Bath. Peter Palmer won a Royal Humane Society medal for preservation of life by saving a seaman who could not swim from drowning in the River Tagus in Iberia. He was also a serving seaman at the battle of Navarin in 1827 which helped free Greece from Turkish rule
  • Martha Eskip, listed as one of Florence Nightingale's nurses and orderlies at Scutari, Turkey during the Crimea War 1854-1856.
  • Private James Inskip, (1816-1855) Bromham, Bedfordshire - was in the Grenadier Guards and died at Scutari, during the Crimea War. James was the youngest son of George Inskip and Fanny Jordon.
  • John, James, George Inskip, Photographers, (1830’s/40's) Leicestershire – Moved to Scarborough, Skipton and Kent to practice the new fashionable trade . John was the son of John Inskip and Susanna Mee from Gainsborough who ran a pottery business in the town; George was the son of Richard Inskip, the brother of John Inskip senior who was also associated with the pottery business; James was born in Loughborough and may well have links to John and Richard who were both born in Thringstone. James King, son in Law of John Inskip and Susanna Mee, also became a photographer in Kent. There is a chapter on Potty Inskip in Susan & Sarah Edlington's book ' Business on the East Side of the Market Place'.
  • John Henry Inskip (1864 - 1947) born in Scarborough the son of John Inskip the photographer. He was an artist of the English School, and exhibited regularly at The Royal Academy. Flourished 1886 -1910
  • Richard Inskip (1868-1938) Skipton, Yorkshire - Cousin of John Henry Inskip above and cornet player in many famous northern brass bands including, Skipton Old Prize Band, Linthwaite Band, Mossley Band under the baton of Alex Owen of Besses o’th’ Barn, and prize bands Kingston Mills, Lindley and Kettering Rifles, and Denton Original.
  • Sir Thomas, Sir John and Bishop James Inskip, Politicians and Churchmen (around 1870's) Gloucestershire – Sir Thomas (made Lord Caldecote,) was a minister in Churchill’s cabinet 1939. His father was James Inskip who married Constance Hampden, and was a leading Bristol solicitor who had the Imperial Tobacco Company as a client. James in turn was the son of Thomas Flint Inskip from Bedfordshire. Thomas was known for his honesty, sincerity and religious outlook. In his Times obituary is the statement ' he was a good example of the middle-class Englishman with most of the merits and some of the defects of that class'.
  • Major Percy S Inskipp OBE (1871-1941)- Together with brother Frank Warren Inskipp he was a member of the Pioneer Column raised by Cecil Rhodes and the British South African Company in 1890 to establish mining rights - based on a treaty between King Lobengula and Queen Victoria - in what was to become Southern Rhodesia . This act turned a poorly developed backwater into a thriving country. Percy rose through the ranks to become Commercial Manager and Board Member of the Chartered Company of Rhodesia between 1907-1928. He also served in the Great War. Frank and Percy were the sons of James Inskipp a Tea Dealer in Hackney, originally a warehouse clerk from Hastings, Sussex.
  • Alfred T Inskip, Cattle Rancher (1872 -) Plymouth - Born in Plymouth, he went to Alberta in 1890 and served apprenticeship on the famous Bow River Horse Ranch, before founding the Inskip Cattle Ranch, near Buffalo Lake in 1894. Alfred was the grandson of sea captain Peter Palmer Inskip (see above)
  • Major General Roland Debenham Inskip (c1885 – 1971) Spalding, Lincolnshire - in the Frontier Forces of the Indian Army, son of Oliver Digby Inskip, Hertford
  • Sydney Hope Inskip Officer Royal Marines (1896 - 1918) born Sydney, Australia, died Raid on Zeebrugge. Son of Herbert Inskip, Harbourmaster at Ramsgate and Gertrude Carlina from Australia. Cousin of Roland Debenham Inskip and both descended from the Bedfordshire Inskips. Hope is mentioned in ' The Zeebrugge Raid 1918 - The Finest Feat of Arms' by Paul Kendall. There are photographs of him in the Royal Marines Museum.
  • Sir Arthur Cecil Inskip, Businessman (1894-1951) London – Vice Chairman and Deputy Managing Director of the British India Corporation . Obituary on the Inskip community website (see below). Arthur was the son of John Inskip (born 1865 in South Shields, a Lay Preacher who lived in Canada and London). John in turn was the son of George Inskip who was originally a sailor born around 1821 in Hastings.
  • Leonard Inskip, Editor (1885 - 1955 ), Leicester – Inspired the Inskip League of Friendship for Disabled Persons, and was Editor of the National Cripples' Journal in the 1920's. Leonard was the son of William Inskip (1852-1899), a Leicester shoemaker who became the General Secretary of the Boot and Shoe Workers Union, and Treasurer of the TUC. Leonard's only daughter was Betty Alison Inskip(1925-1985) who jointly translated 'The Restless Earth:geology for everyman'.
  • Joe Inskip, Footballer (1912 - ) South Shields – Centre half back for Sunderland and Gateshead 1932 -1939
  • Fredrick Inskip, Footballer (1924- 2000) Cheadle – Winger for Nottingham Forest & Crewe Alexander 1945-1948. Also John Inskip () Glengarnock, Ayrshire - WH for Lincoln City 1912
  • Hal Inskip, Boxer, () Bilston-
  • Rosalie Earle Inskip, Musician (1916 -1991) Shropshire –
  • Constance Elizabeth (Betty) Inskip, Author (1905-1945)– Step to a Drum, Pink Faces. Daughter of James Theodore Inskip, Bishop of Barking.
  • Peter Spilsbury Inskip (1917 - 1999) - Won the Military Cross on 7 December 1944 in Italy with the Royal Artillery. Son of Bertram S Inskip and Daisy Penfold from Brighton, and grandson of John Spilsbury Inskip who had a drapers shop in Brighton for many years. The family came from the Lewes area.
  • Gordon Percival Inskip (1932 -) Writer under the name of Alder Rivers.
  • Ian Inskip (1943 - ) Navigator on the destroyer HMS Glamorgan in the 1982 Falklands War; was mentioned in despatches for the part he played in saving the ship on the night it was hit by an Exocet missile. His book Ordeal by Exocet was published in 2002. On leaving the Navy in 1997 he had reached the rank of Commander.
  • Cynthia Inskip (1947 - ) Showjumper
  • Tom Inskip aka 'Skippy' (1986 - ) One of Prince Harry's best friends from school, and son of Owen Inskip, a hunting friend of Prince Charles. Line is from the Bedfordshire Inskips via Sir Thomas Inskip.

There is a list of Inskips killed in action at the Commonwealth War Graves Commission site

  • INSKIPS TRANSPORTED TO AUSTRALIA

~Date arrived, Name, Place of origin, Ship, Notes ~

1819, Ralph, Staffordshire, Atlas, Labourer born around 1786,freed 1826, died 1838 NSW

1826, Thomas, Staffordshire, England, Convicted March 1826 for 10 years, Freed in 1842

1829, Robert, Probably London, Unknown, Committed for life at Old Bailey for stealing a handkerchief

1830, Louisa, Prob London, America, 7 years at the Old Bailey for stealing a watch & money, absconded & recaptured 1832, freed 1837

1831, William, Sussex, Camden, Convicted at Hastings Oct 1830 for 7 years, freed in 1838

1834, Richard, Staffordshire, Moffatt, Convicted Feb 1833 for 7 years, freed 1838

1837, Henry, London, Charles Kerr, Convicted central criminal court,7 years for stealing property freed in 1844

1837, William, Surrey, Neptune, Convicted April 1837 at Guilford for 7 years

1841, John, Staffordshire, Lady Raffles. Convicted Dec 1839 for 10 years

1848, Samuel, Unknown, Hashery, Convicted Reading Feb 1847, pardoned and disembarked

1857, Samuel, Blunham Beds, Nile, Age 45.Warehouse breaking & stealing 33lb flour.15 years

  • INSKIPS WHO FOUGHT IN THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR 1861-1865 - THE BROTHERS WAR

~Confederate~

Private Jeffers B Inskip, 6th Virginia Cavalry

Private I T Inskipp, 12th Missouri Cavalry

Private Henry T Inskeep, 6th Missouri Infantry

V Inskipp, Texas

~Union~

Chaplin Joseph S Inskip, 84th New York Infantry

Private Phineas Inskip, 62nd Ohio Infrantry

Private John C Inskip, 48th Ohio Infantry

First Lieutenant James R Inskeep, 24th Ohio Infantry

Private J D Inskip, Signal Corps, US Volunteers

Private E W Inskeep, 17th Ohio Infantry

IF ANYONE WOULD LIKE TO INCLUDE ANY OTHER NOTEABLE INSKIPS, OR CAN ADD ANY INFORMATION TO THOSE ALREADY HERE PLEASE LET ME KNOW

Name frequency

 

This is of all spellings and includes wives, but excludes married women born Inskip

  • In the 1871 census there are around 550 Inskips
  • In the 1881and 1891census there are 660 Inskips
  • In the 1901 census around 750
  • In 2002 in England and Wales there were:-

Inskip - 1041: ranked 6,414 in the surname list

Inskipp - 42

Inskeep - 18

A 1998 study of ethnicity in Britain of holders of the surname show that the huge majority class themselves as having an English origin; followed by 0.62% Scottish, 0.3&% Irish, 0.12% each - Welsh, German, Italian and Indian.

~~~{I would be pleased to hear from anyone who could give me surname statistics for other countries, particularly Australia, New Zealand and the USA.}~~~

~TRADES FROM THE 1871 CENSUS~

The trades of the Inskip families mainly follow the developing ‘opportunities’ in their geographical location. Few seem to have moved away to new ‘industrial opportunity’.

Bedfordshire – Farming; straw plaiting for the village women and lace making for the ladies around Bedford

Staffordshire – The old places still have their farms, whilst people move into the mines and pottery trades. A lot of builders and straw dealers. Plus a group of stone masons from Bilston who made grindstones for the edge tool industry

Shropshire– Dealers of many kinds and a couple of Higglers

Sussex – Shopkeepers, white collar tradesmen eg surveyors and auctioneers, and clerks

Leicestershire– Blue collar tradesmen eg brickworkers and wood turners, shoe workers

Lancashire/Yorks – The original farmers mix with new factory workers in the towns

London – Artisans eg bookbinders, shoemakers, portrait painters, milliners. Merchants eg ironmonger and leather. Service workers eg cab men, house repairers, policemen

The other feature of this census is the slight move by the younger people to professions eg architects apprentice, bankers clerks, and law writers. The railway’s are also starting to make their mark with jobs and move people away from home ground. Amongst the children a few are being educated at boarding school.

Women’s occupations, where there are any, are landladies, washerwomen, dressmakers, semi-skilled factory workers, servants, lacemakers or straw plaiters. A few run their own shops.

Distribution of the name

 

The main historical centres of Inskip in the UK are:-

  • Bedfordshire – largest, began around the mid 16th century in Old Warden
  • Staffordshire – second largest, began from early-mid 17th century around Stone and Dilhorne
  • Sussex – smaller, records go back to at least the early 16th century between Chichester and Lewes
  • Lancashire/Yorkshire – disparate. Original, plus 19th century
  • Leicestershire - grew up from around the mid 18th century from the Collerton area.

Distribution map from the 1871 census on the Inskip Community website (see below)

~MIGRATION PATTERN~:-

1200’s and 1300’s – The English Nation Emerges

• The name is known in Lancashire in places around Inskip in Sowerby. Post the time of the Black Death the name moves further afield to other areas of Lancashire eg Claughton.

Late 1400’s century early 1500’s - Wars with France and Between the Roses

• The name appears in more places in Lancashire eg Kirkham, Garstang; and there is a move east from Claughton to places near Clitheroe on the Yorks/Lancs border

• Occurrences in Sussex around Chichester. This may have been to do with the wars with France (Lancashire bowmen were used by Henry V). Men from Inskip and the surrounding areas are known to have fought at Harfleur and Agincourt. The Sussex coast was a launchpad for France. It could also have been to do with trade, politics or religion. Such a long way from home!

• A coalmine is rented in Pipewellgate, Gateshead, Durham

• The Rev William Inskip is rector of Clowne, Derbyshire – a guess would be that he is from the Lancs/Yorks group; he does not seem to have had children there.

Middle – late 1500’s - Religious Upheaval

• Now we get the first records in Bedfordshire - Old Warden and Southill. There is an unconfirmed story that 3 brothers came down from the North and settled. With land up for grabs after the Reformation and a Cistercian abbey at Old Warden there may be a lot of truth in the story. The Inskips were mainly yeomen farmers/husbandmen, and as the 17th century dawned were busy buying/leasing land, as well as marrying for it, particularly the younger sons. The land around this part of Bedfordshire is very fertile having a base of green sand that is excellent for market gardening. It is quite different from the largest part of the county which is based on Bedfordshire clay and the source of London Brick Company. With the growing population of London, farmers from this area were well placed to take advantage of their location. Indeed the wealthiest and most prosperous parishes of the county included Sandy, which the Inskips gravitate towards.

• The Sussex enclave thrives particularly around Lewes, Hastings and Battle

• A few marriages turn up in Northumberland mostly around Berwick on Tweed.

1600’s - Civil war and the Emergence of Art and Science

• Bedfordshire and Sussex outcrops go from strength to strength

• Staffordshire starts to establish itself mid century (1640 ish) around Stone and Dilhorne. The earliest sighting is 1618 in Stone. It is still not known if they came from Lancashire or Bedfordshire; but most likely Lancashire

• The Forest of Bowland (Yorks/Lancs border)families continue History from 1669 on Craig Thornber's website

• A small occurrence in Plymouth in 1611 (emigration to America?). First American record found is in 1625 in New Jersey and 1654 New Hampshire.

• The first families appear in London around Fenchurch and London Wall 1615

• There is a fluttering around Berwick in Northumberland until mid century

1700’s – Enlightenment and Enclosure

• Bedfordshire, Sussex and Staffordshire establish themselves as the main centres. Spreading around local areas

• In Bedfordshire they move east to areas like Biggleswade, Shefford, Hitchen Hertfordshire and Cambridgeshire: and west - mid century John Inskip goes to Maulden to farm the newly acquired lands of the Duke of Bedford. The Southill part of the family move or die out in that village and Northill becomes stronger.

• Some Staffordshire Inskeeps (John Inskeep) move to America, Delaware, Ohio, Iowa. They took the Inskeep spelling with them, setting a difference between them and the earlier Inskip emigrants. There are also moves from Yorkshire to Pennsylvania.

• London and Yorkshire continue with a further eastern move towards Leeds

• Mid century a Leicester section is established around Ashby de la Zouch. May have been to do with land reform and the move of freeholders to larger estates in the agricultural revolution. Again they could be from Staffordshire or Bedfordshire.

1800’s – Social Unrest and Industrial Revolution

• Enclosure, wage restrictions and the emergence of industry played its part on Inskip migration, as with all other families. However there seems to be less moves to the emerging ‘sweatshop’ cities eg Manchester, Birmingham and Leeds by Inskips. The 1881 census shows the following of note.

• Some go to Derbyshire to mine from Bedfordshire. Sussex people go to Liverpool and Manchester

• Leicester becomes the centre for Leicestershire with many people in the brick trade.

• A group appeared early century in Plymouth and joined the Royal Navy. Resulting in the Inskip name being given to several geographical locations around the world.

• The Staffordshire group moved across the border to Shropshire, around Birmingham and Cheshire

• A second wave to Durham to work in the boatyards - from Sussex & Leicestershire

• A Bedfordshire family from Arseley to Bristol to establish the political branch

• Poverty forced William Inskip from Maulden, Bedfordshire to emigrate as a farmer on assisted passage to New South Wales, Australia so starting a large Australian outcrop. Other Inskip’s were transported there for their misdemeanours.

• Later in the century the Sussex and Bedfordshire families move to London to take up various professions from cooks and cab drivers to leather merchants and policemen.

• Bedfordshire and Staffordshire still thrive, Sussex and Yorks/Lancs less so.

1900’s – War, Politics and Education = Social Mobility

Data

 

Links

Contact