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Haddrell

 

About the study

Ian Haddrell

Variant names

Haddrell, Haddrill, Hadrill, Hatherall, Hatherell, Hatherill, Hatherillo, Hathrall, Hathrell, Hathrill, Hatterell

Name origin

There are many variations of the spelling of the surname Haddrell. The most common are Haddrell, Hadrill, Haddrill, Hatherall, Hatherill, Hatherall, Hathrill, Hathrell and Hatterell. Over the centuries there have been many more, but these are the variants that have survived to the present day. The earliest references of the name use TH rather then D, which is a later variant. There are also regional variations; TH being more common in South Gloucestershire, DD in North Wiltshire and Hadrill predominant in the London area. This is an over simplification, of course, as all spellings occur wherever the surname occurs.

Thus, the earliest spellings are Hatherell/Hatherall/Hatherill and one theory is that this is derived from 'dweller on or by the Heather Slope or Hill' (Surnames of the United Kingdom, by Henry Harrison - 1969), although not necessarily in the Calne area. Reaney (A Dictionary of British Surnames, 1976) gives the surnames Attrill, Attrell and Atrill, as being derived from 'Dweller by the hill' and cites a reference to Walter atter Hille in 1330. Reaney also makes reference to a John Haterel in 1210 and 1221, and states that Haterel is used in the York Plays (c1440) of 'dress, attire', and considers it to be a derivative of OE haeteru 'clothes'.

However, 'Surnames', published by John Murray in 1918, suggests that the name may derive from a physical nickname.

'Haddrell, Hatherall {William Haterel, Patent Rolls}, from Middle English hattrel, the nape of the neck (also the crown of the head), of Old French origin, but differnetly explained by Cotgrave - 'Hastereau, the throat piece, or fore part of the neck.' This is a common word in ME. It may be noted that the name, with many variants, seems to belong especially to Gloucestershire, while in adjecent Monmouth we find Hatterell Hill, perhaps so named from its shape'.

Sir William Addison's book 'Understanding English Surnames' includes the name Hatherall in his List of Local Surnames Peculiar To Gloucestershire.

History of the name

William Hatherell (1855 - 1928) Artist and Illustrator.

Richard Hatherill, Gentleman, Captain in His Majestys Navy. Born: 1771 in Queenborough, Isle of Sheppey, Kent - died 1804. Commanded the bomb vessel 'Hecla' at the Battle of Copenhagen - 2nd April 1801.

Nathanel Hattrell - acquitted of murder, at The Old Bailey on the 16th January 1693. Together with John Ayres, they were tried for the murder of Mary Rew, 'by driving the Wheel of a Dray loaden with three Barels of Small Beer over her Body' on the 14th of December 1693. Ayres was found guilty of manslaughter.

Haddrell's Point, Charleston, South Carolina. Visited by George Washington in 1791 and recorded in his travel journal. Named after George Haddrell, a plantation owner in the area.

Haddrill's House (Albion Town), West Swan Road, Western Australia. Dwelling built c.1835 by William and Hannah Haddrill, from Calne, early settlers to the Swan River Colony.

Hatterrall Hill, Monmouthshire. Close to Offa's Dyke Path and the boundary between England and Wales.

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PLACE NAMES AND STREET NAMES

Haddrell Court, Alveston, South Gloucestershire BS34 2NL
Hatherall Close, Stratton St. Margaret, Swindon, Wiltshire SN3 4LQ
Hatherall Road, Maidstone, Kent ME14 5HF
Hatherell Close, West End, Southampton SO30 3LA
Hatherell Road, Pewsham, Chippenham, Wiltshire SN15 3ST
Hatherell Road, Radford Semele, Leamington Spa, Warwickshire CV31 1UE
Haddrill Road, Baskerville, 6055, Western Australia
Haddrill Street, Bayswater, 6053, Western Australia
Haddrell Park, Innisfail, North Queensland
Haddrell's Point, Charleston, South Carolina, USA
Haddrell Street, Shem Creek, Mount Pleasant, South Carolina, USA
Haddrell Avenue, Summerland, British Columbia, Canada

Name frequency

In England and Wales between 1837 and 1919 2,462 births appear in the indices of the General Register Office. The most common are: Hatherell 571 entries, Haddrell 569, Hatherall 376, Hatherill 355, Hadrill 187, Hathrill 116, Hathrell 77, Hattrell 55, Haddrill 45, Hatharell 18, Hadrell 17, Hattrill 15, Hatherdale 14, Hatheral 10, Hatherillo 6, Hatherhill 4, Hathrall 3, Hathreall 3, Hatrell 2, Heatherill 2, and Haddrall 2.

15 different variations with one occurence each make up the total of 2,462.
For the 82 year period, this represents an average of 30 births per year in England and Wales.

General Register Office Births 1837 - 2005. Annual Surname Totals - Updated 10 October 2006

From 1837 to 2006 there have been approximately 5,000 Haddrell/Hatherell births worldwide.

Worldwide Births 1837 to 2004 - Alphabetical Index - Updated 22 December 2006

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Information taken from the 1841 Census for England & Wales indicates that the most common surname is HATHERELL with 107 entries, followed by HATHERILL (80), HADDRELL (51), HADRILL (46), HATHERALL (31), HADRELL (25), HADDRILL (23), HATHRILL (21), HATHEREL (18), HATHERAL (9) and HAUDRELL (8).

Information taken from the 1861 Census for England & Wales indicates that the most common surname is HATHERELL with 153 entries, followed by HADDRELL (96), HADRILL (83), HATHERILL (73), HATHERALL (63), HATHRILL (48), HADRELL (28), HATHRALL (22) and HADDRILL (19).

By the time of the 1871 Census the most common surname is HADDRELL with 192 entries, followed by HATHERELL (154), HATHERILL (83), HATHERALL (66), HATHRILL (44), HADRILL (44), HATHRELL (26) and HADDRILL (23).

See links below for full listing:

Surname Totals from the 1851 Census - Updated 24 January 2006

Surname Totals from the 1861 Census - Updated 7 October 2005

Surname Totals from the 1871 Census - Updated 7 October 2005

Distribution of the name

Of the 464 Haddrell/Hatherell entries extracted from the 1841 Census of England and Wales, 250 individuals are living in Wiltshire; 111 in Gloucestershire, 33 in Middlesex, 26 in Somerset, 17 in Essex, 14 in Surrey, 6 in Berkshire, 5 in Kent, and 2 in Sussex. The combined total of 361 individuals living in Wiltshire and Gloucestershire represents 78% of the H population in 1841.

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In the 1861 census, 690 individuals have been identified with the surname Haddrell/Hatherell and variants. The most populous counties are Wiltshire (280 entries), Gloucestershire (134), Middlesex (90), Kent (35), and Berkshire (33). The 414 individuals living in Wiltshire and Gloucestershire represents 60% of the H population in 1861.

Of the 280 inhabitants living in Wiltshire, the parish of Bremhill has 67 residents; Chippenham (33), Calne (21), Langley Burrell (18), Hilmarton (17), Kington St Michael (15), Aldbourne (14), Compton Bassett (10), Hullavington (10), Pewsham (9), and Brinkworth (9). In these 11 parishes reside 79% of the Wiltshire H populace.

In Gloucestershire, of the 134 entries, Clifton has 16 residents, Old Sodbury (15), Oldbury on the Hill (15), Cheltenham (12), Oldland (10), Iron Acton (8), Kingsholm (7), and Marshfield (7).

Place of Birth - 318 individuals state that they were born in the County of Wiltshire, with 114 giving Gloucestershire as their county of birth; Middlesex (74), Berkshire (38), and Kent (22). Therefore, 432 individuals (62%) were born in the two counties of Wiltshire and Gloucestershire.

In Wiltshire, Bremhill is given as the most common birthplace, with 93 occurences; Chippenham has (42), Calne (32), Kington Langley (20), Langley Burrell (15), Aldbourne (12), Brinkworth (11), Compton Bassett (8), Hilmarton (7), Melksham (7), Startley (7), Malmesbury (5), Crudwell (4), Hullavington (4), Trowbridge (4), Burbage (3), and Ramsbury (3). Of the 318 individuals who state that they were born in Wiltshire, 167 (53%) of them were born in the three parishes of Bremhill, Chippenham and Calne.

Of the 114 who were born in Gloucestershire, 11 were born in the parish of Oldbury on the Hill, 9 in Marshfield, 9 in Old Sodbury, 7 in Thornbury, 7 in Cheltenham, 7 in Clifton, Bristol, 6 in Iron Acton, and 6 in Little Sodbury - 53% (61) in eight parishes.

Head of Household - Of the 138 Heads of Household, 80 were born in Wiltshire and 19 in Gloucestershire; together representing 71%. Middlesex was the third most common county of birth for Heads of Household with 11 entries. The majority of the 80 Wiltshire born 'Heads' were born in the parishes of Bremhill (24), Chippenham (10), Calne (9), Kington Langley (6), Brinkworth (5), Langley Burrell (4), Aldbourne (4), and Compton Bassett (3).

It should be noted that the above statistical analysis is based on those individuals with the surname Haddrell/Hatherell at the time of the 1861 Census. It therefore includes those individuals who have acquired the name (ie by Marriage), but does not include those who were born Haddrell/Hatherell and no longer bear the surname (ie females marrying).

Two points of interest: In 1861, the population of the parish of Bremhill is given as 1,357.

From 1687 - 1898 there are 295 Haddrell/Hatherell baptsims recorded in the Parish Registers of Bremhill Church and Foxham, Chapelry.
From 1899 - 1971, there are 7.

Data

BIRTHS

General Register Office Births 1837 to 2004 - Chronological (4866 entries) - Updated 22 December 2006

General Register Office Births 1837 to 2004 - Alphabetical (4866 entries) - Updated 22 December 2006

Australian Births 1841 to 1924 - Updated 20 October 2006

Births from Chippenham Registration District where mother's maiden name is Haddrell/Hatherell (1837 onwards - Incomplete) - Updated 9 November 2006

MARRIAGES

Worldwide Marriages Index - (Incomplete) - Updated 22 December 2006

General Register Office Marriages 1837 to 2004 - Chronological (3619 entries) - Updated 22 December 2006

General Register Office Marriages 1837 to 2004 - Alphabetical (3619 entries) - Updated 22 December 2006 -

Pre 1837 Marriages - Chronological Index - Updated 18 August 2005

Pre 1837 Marriages - Alphabetical Index - Updated 18 August 2005 -

Scottish Marriages (Incomplete) - Updated 7 November 2006

Australian Marriages 1788 to 1955 - (Incomplete) - Updated 7 November 2006

United Sates Marriages (Incomplete) - Updated 7 November 2006

DEATHS

General Register Office Deaths - Updated 22 December 2006

Worldwide Deaths Index (Incomplete) - Updated 22 December 2006

American Deaths Index (Incomplete) - Updated 1 November 2006

Australian Deaths Index 1841 to 1985 (Incomplete) - Updated 20 October 2006

Canadian Deaths Index 1872 to 1979 (Incomplete) - Updated 1 November 2006

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CENSUS

1841 Census Returns (Incomplete) - Updated 28 July 2006

1851 Census Returns (Incomplete) - Updated 24 January 2006

1861 Census Returns - Completed 7 October 2005

1871 Census Returns (Incomplete) - Updated 13 October 2005

1881 Census Returns (Incomplete) - Updated 12 Otober 2005

1891 Census Returns (Incomplete) - Updated 19 July 2005

1901 Census Returns (Incomplete) - Updated 19 July 2005

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1861 Census: Birthplace Totals - Updated 7 October 2005

1861 Census: County of Birth Totals - Updated 7 October 2005

1871 Census: Birthplace Totals - Updated 7 October 2005

1871 Census: County of Birth Totals - Updated 7 October 2005

1881 Census: Birthplace Totals - Updated 28 July 2005

1881 Census: County of Birth Totals - Updated 28 July 2005

1891 Census: Birthplace Totals - Updated 28 July 2005

1891 Census: County of Birth Totals - Updated 28 July 2005

1901 Census: Birthplace Totals - Updated 28 July 2005

1901 Census: County of Birth Totals - Updated 28 July 2005

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IMMIGRATION

Immigration Index: Passenger and Crew Lists (305 entries) - Updated 20 December 2006

Immigration Index: Passenger and Crew Lists - Alphabetical (305 entries) - Updated 20 December 2006

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