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2952

Farmiloe

 

About the study

The Farmilo(e) one-name study grew naturally out of my research into my paternal line. I realised that the name was apt for a one-name study being reasonably rare. Despite the length of time it has been registered, my study is far from complete. It has a good spread of data from the UK, but in other countries where it occurs data is till being gathered. The main countries of occurrence outside the UK are Australia, New Zealand and USA

Variant names

The main present-day variant of Farmiloe is Farmilo. There is also a handful of people with the name Farmelo which is a rare variant. There are a very few occurrences of one of these variants with a double L spelling but I feel these are more mis-spellings rather than variants. What I believe to be the oldest reference to our name (1522 in Exeter) is spellt 'ffarmelowe'. Three individuals who are likely to be the grandchildren of this individual were each recorded in baptismal entries as Farmeloe, Farmelowe and Farmelu. From the 17th century the spelling of the name began to settle into Farmiloe and to a lesser extent Farmilo.

Name origin

Out of some thirty-three surname dictionaries, only one (Surnames of the United Kingdom by Harrison) was there any reference to our name. The name was equated to 'Farmelo', said to derive from an Old English name 'Farman' and the word 'low' meaning a hill or tumulus. Correct? Maybe, but not convincing.

What is the origin of the Farmiloe name? The tradition in the family is that our name originated in the county of Gloucestershire, England. The late Rev. Jimmy Farmiloe, who carried out much research into the family history, had a theory that our name originated from the village of Framilode which lies on the southern bank of the Severn estuary, south-west of the City of Gloucester. The name means the 'Frome crossing'; the river Frome flows into the Severn at this point. The Framilode Passage was until the 2nd World War a ferry across the Severn, a quarter mile below the outfall of the Frome.

The early records show that a family did indeed derive its name from this place. William of Framilode seems to have been in possession of a weir as tenant of the Abbey of Gloucester; it was the subject of a dispute with John of Fretherne in 1243. In 1261, Simon of Framilode disclaimed his right in the local fishery. In 1327, three 'Fremelodes' are listed for the county in the 'Lay Subsidy' tax. Simon de Fremelode was listed in the entry for the village of Saul (which included Framilode); he was assessed to pay 13 shillings and 1/4d (the tax was supposedly based on one-twentieth of the value of a person's moveable goods). William Framlode is recorded as having been a tenant of a property in the City of Gloucester in 1455.

The 'Gloucester connection' is at first glance borne out by the locality of the vast majority of baptisms recorded in the International Genealogical index (IGI) collated by members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. The English part of the IGI contains more than 56 million names, contributed by Church members and transcribed from parish records. The IGI contains around 100 baptisms or marriages for individuals with the Farmiloe name and its variants. It is striking that of these entries, four took place in Devon, one in London and one in 'England'. All the other events recorded took place in Gloucestershire. The towns of Minchinhampton and nearby Avening feature most in these records. The indication that our name originated in Gloucestershire seemed therefore very strong. Or was it?

In 1608, King James directed his Lord Lieutenant in Gloucestershire to list: 'The Names and Surnames of all the able and sufficient men in body fitt for his Ma'ties service in the warrs within the City of Gloucester and the Inshire of the same'. Numbers and letters were used to indicate the approximate ages of the men and their stature: '(p) sheweth the man to bee of the tallest stature fit to make a pykeman, (m)...of a middle stature fit to make a musketyer, (ca)... of a lower stature fitt to serve with a Calyver, (py)...sheweth the man to bee of the meanest stature either fit for a pyoner, or of little other use'. Not one single person with the Farmiloe name or variant was listed. Were they all draft dodgers or so unfit as not even to make the 'py' grade? It seems more likely that they simply were not around in Gloucestershire at this time. But if so, where were they? A closer analysis of the IGI entries showed that the earliest entries in fact took place at Exeter Cathedral, Devon. These were a series of three baptisms of the children of John ffarmeloe whose eldest daughter Margery was baptised in 1597. We have subsequently discovered that John ffarmeloe was a 'Vicar Choral' or singer in holy orders at the Cathedral. The house where he once had chambers still stands in the Cathedral Close.

Further research in Exeter revealed that a certain 'Farmelowe' (no first name given) was listed in the 1522 Military Survey under the 'Aliens' category as living in the Exeter Parish of St Stephen and whose place of birth was 'Picardy'. His occupation was servant to 'my Ladies Grace' (by which title Katherine Courtenay, the Countess of Devon, was generally known in the county at that time). Perhaps then the Farmiloes originated in Devon, and before that, Picardie in France. But there is another twist to the story. 'The Chronicles of Shortwood' written by a Gloucestershire non-conformist parson relates a tradition that the name derives from Flemish weavers who were encouraged to immigrate to England in the reign of Edward III in order to help establish the cloth making industry. Unfortunately, no source is given for this information. So the story has not yet found its beginning...

Name frequency

The name is fairly rare with a frequency in Great Britain of 122 per 10,000 at the time of the 1881 census and 244 in 1998.

Distribution of the name

In the United Kingdom, the distribution of the name is strikingly concentrated in Gloucestershire until the 20th century when there is a higher concentration in London. There is a sprinkling of Farmilo(e)s in the USA (mainly California and a few north-eastern states, and a few in Australia, and a higher concentration in New Zealand.

Data

Data held includes:
  • IGI worldwide extractions
  • UK General Register Office birth, marriages and deaths 1837-1900
  • UK census 1841-1901
  • Devon and Gloucestershire parish register extracts
  • The Times archive extracts and other newspapers
  • Armed Forces references
  • Miscellaneous collections

DNA

The Farmilo(e) DNA project has been established to ascertain whether males born of fathers with the surname Farmiloe or Farmiloe are descended from a common ancestor. The project website is here.

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