Guild of One-Name Studies
One-name studies, Genealogy
This is a one name study of the name ELKINGTON.The name, or at least variants of it, have been used since before the Domesday Survey 1087 and it is mentioned in the Survey as Alchinton. Eltendon. in Lincolnshire, probably leading to the name North and South Elkington.
It is found in Bedfordshire and Buckinghamshire between 1226 and 1332 in the form of Eltesdon. The main source appears to be in Northamptonshire where there was a village called Elkington, which later Elkington families claim to be their root.
In Britain it is now found in Northamptonshire, Leicestershire, Oxfordshire, Warwickshire, Lancashire and a fairly large contingent in Lincolnshire. There are small enclaves in a few other counties in England.
The first recorded ELKINGTON going to America was in 1650 when George Elkington emigrated and founded the New Jersey Branch. There may have been earlier emigrations but this is the first recorded one.
There are many other countries now where the ELKINGTONs are found including Canada, Australia, both as convicts and emigrants, and where one emigrant married a Maori Girl and founded a whole new dynasty in New Zealand. There is also a small branch in the Solomon Islands and a breed of cats who carry the name in Norway.
There are many variants of the name. One of the earliest is the Anglican origin of Ealac's dun which means a hill or fortress (dun) of Elta and is referred to as Eletone and Elletone in the Domesday Survey of 1087. The name has continued to go through several changes since then including Elkinton/Elkerton/Eltinton/Eltenton as well as several more unusual variations. It is now mostly accepted as Elkington with the 'G' left out in some instances and one or two different spellings, usually because someone has misheard the name when noting it into a record.
It has mostly stabilised into ELKINGTON with one or two exceptions all over the world.
It crops up several times in the Cartulary of Pipewell Abbey founded in 1143 with a benefactor called John de Eltendon. It is found in Bedfordshire and Buckinghamshire between 1226 and 1332 in the form of Eltesdon. The main source appears to be in Northamptonshire where there was a village called Elkington, which later Elkington families claim to be their root.
This village. in which the Elkingtons lived was cleared in 1412, when the inhabitants who survived, fled to Pipewell Abbey. In the Cartulary it is described as 'destitute of all inhabitants save three or four servitors of the monastery Pipewell Abbey on account of pestilences' and the fact that the Pope sanctioned the Abbey's approbation of the Church there. Certainly there are no records of the village after 1420.
It is plain to see that the Elkington name and its variants stretch from Dunstable in the south, where they had interests in the building of the Castle there at the time of King John, to Shawell and Coventry following Watling Street, an ancient Roman Road traversing the midlands.
In Britian it is now found in Northamptonshire, Leicestershire, Oxfordshire, Warwickshire and a fairly large contingent in Lincolnshire. There are small enclaves elsewhere but these are the main counties where the name was originally found.
There are many other countries now where ELKINGTONs are found including Canada, Australia both as convicts and emigrants and where one emigrant married a Maori Girl and founded a whole new Dynasty in New Zealand. There is also a small branch in the Solomon Islands and a breed of cats who carry the name in Sweden.
The earliest recorded ELKINGTONs from the Church records starting in 1538 and a few odd records from a little earlier, show the family as Merchants and Travellers heavily involved with the East India Company.They owned estates and farms and in Victorian times became industrialists of note. Even those with a poor upbringing made good, with one becoming a Newspaper Magnate. A Sense of adventure is always present with a strong Army connection in various wars and travellers and explorers figuring fairly largely.
Several generations of several branches were born in India.
Many of the earliest Elkingtons from the Warwickshire branch lived in Oxfordshire and stayed there but when three brothers moved over the border to Warwickshire this founded the biggest area for some years. The first person to move over the border was Zacharias Elkington who was born in Oxon in 1604 and who moved on his marriage in 1633 and died in Warwicks in 1691. The highest frequency of the name in Britain was in the C19 when they had large families in and around Birmingham, Coventry and Rugby. However a lower incidence of the name is found in Lincolnshire as well as several other counties. There is a large contingent in Australia and Canada. There are also several large families in New Zealand, most of them descended from the marriage of Arthur Elkington to Marara Horomona, a Maori girl.
Now the name is spreading worldwide in fairly large numbers.
There is a large database with many ELKINGTONs on it. A record is kept of all people in the 1851 and 1881 British census and many more from the other censuses. The records of the American censuses for those that emigrated in the C19.
There are lists of names of people marrying into the family from 1505 to 2003 in many countries. There is also a database of most GRO references for marriages between 1837 to 1883.
The Elkington "legacy" website - The history and some trees of interesting Elkingtons.
Elkington-L@rootsweb.com - An exchange group to sort problems worldwide and to help people with their research.
This study is no longer registered with the Guild, but this profile page has been
retained at the member's request. Please note that neither officers nor members of the Guild are able to answer
any questions about this study.
However, the Guild has preserved the member's original website
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