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About the study
History of the name
The only Edgoose entry in Who's Who was the wife of the late Martin Stanley Andrew Ballinger, the former chief executive of the Go-Ahead Group Plc.
The only 'Edgoose' to be found in the Dictionary of National Biography or the Dictionary of Labour Biography is James Headgoose Holmes (1861-1934), illegitimate son of Maria Holmes of Kirton in Lincolnshire, former Organising Secretary of the National Union of Railwaymen.
In September 2002 there were 269,353 surnames registered with the British National Health Service, representing 54,412,638 people. Of these 117 were named Edgoose, making it =30,024 in the list of most common surnames.
The name occurs 59 times in the 1881 Census of England & Wales and just 3 times in the 1880 US Federal Census.
Distribution of the name
Today, the name is found mainly in the UK and Australia. I know of one family in the United States, and one in Portugal. The surname has died out in Jamaica and Fiji. The several Edgoose families in the Spalding and Boston areas of South Lincolnshire today can trace their lines back to one of the five illegitimate children of Sarah Lawson Edgoose (1832-1874) before her marriage to John Metcalf Westmoreland in 1861. My own great, great, great grandfather John Edgoose (1770-1820) moved from Gosberton in Lincolnshire to West Walton, Norfolk, in 1796. His descendants are now widely dispersed throughout England.
The earliest known emigrant from England was Lieutenant (later Captain) John Edgoose who was granted land in Jamaica in 1660 and who died there in 1673.
John Edgoose (1766-1833), the 'notorious Edgoose of Holland Fen', was transported to Australia in 1833 but died on passage. At his trial he was said to be the father of sons who had been 'expatriated for felonies'. When or where they went has never been discovered.
A John Lewin Edgoose (1827-1890) from West Walton, Norfolk, emigrated to Wisconsin, USA, in 1846 but had no male heirs.
John James Edgoose (1830-1930) from Gosberton, Lincolnshire, sailed for Tasmania on 19 February 1859. His numerous descendants are thriving in Australia today.
A John Edgoose sired a child Juliana with Ueri Uata in Fiji in 1872 but had no male heir. He was probably the John Thomas Edgoose (1838-????) who ran away to sea never to be heard of again. Juliana's descendants live in Fiji and New Zealand today but do not of course bear the Edgoose name.
A widowed great great granddaughter is all that remains of the families started by two sons and a grandson of Joel Edgoose (1804-1883) who emigrated to the USA in the 1800s. The surname's only presence in that great country appears to be a recent immigrant from the UK and his family, and the widow of the last descendant of James Edgoose of Kirkby-on-Bain, Lincolnshire.
With one exception, Edgoose was predominantly a Lincolnshire surname until the early 1800s. Its subsequent occurrence almost everywhere else can readily be traced back to the fens of south Lincolnshire.
Births, marriages and deaths, IGI, wills, National Probate Calendar, census returns, parish register entries, marriage bonds and allegations, monumental inscriptions, military records, etc., combined with interesting material from manorial court records, Quarter Sessions and Assizes, poor law documents, apprenticeship records, newspapers, and family letters, have been used in writing individual profiles of every one of the Edgoose and Edgoss entries in the online database. See Link below.
In addition, all personal names have been extracted from the wills of residents of the Lincolnshire parishes of Kirkby-on-Bain (1750-1800) and Pinchbeck (1600-1750) in an attempt to widen our knowledge of the inhabitants of the parishes in which our ancestors once lived.
An academic wrote recently: 'What makes the Edgoose database so fascinating is that it is an honest slice of life. Your unusual surname has made it somewhat easier for you to document some ordinary lives in extraordinary detail and honesty and that has made the Edgoose site invaluable.'
Guild member Marie BYATT oversaw the transfer of the database from FamilyTreeMaker to Legacy and then to the facility made available to the Guild of One-Name Studies by www.familysearch.org. On completion of the transfer she wrote: 'You have a very impressive file, very thorough. You have obviously done a lot of careful work.'
A practical example of how three DNA tests enabled three lineages to be linked in the absence of documentary evidence can be found on my website at http://edgoose.one-name.net
It is also available on www.familysearch.org under Records/Genealogies/Guild of One-Name Studies.
The database lists all bearers of the surname worldwide known to me, with the exception of living individuals whose privacy is respected. It is a vast family reconstruction covering nearly five centuries down to the present day.