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About the study
There are differing origin explanations for Ebbage and Debbage:
According to www.surnamedb.com/Surname/Ebbage
Ebbage is of French origin, and is a dialectal variant of the name Hasbbeshaw, itself a metonymic occupational name for a maker of coats of chain mail. The derivation is from the Old French, Middle English 'haubergeon', a diminutive of 'hauberc', a word of Germanic origin, composed of elements meaning 'neck' and 'protection', and having the overall meaning of a coat of mail or a mail jerkin. However, when these garments fell out of use, the name was altered by folk etymology to create many variants, for example, Habbershon, Haversham and Habberjam.
This name origin is widely published however I am yet to find any evidence to support this.
The Dictionary of English Surnames describes Debbage as coming from Debach in Suffolk and is pronounced Debbidge. The evidence for both the Ebbage and Debbage names supports this.
History of the name
I would never describe the Ebbage or Debbage families as being prominent in the affairs of their countries or counties or even towns where they have lived. They are only remarkable in that they are not remarkable at all.
Most prominent found so far is General Hugh Debbieg 1732-1810 who was an engineer in the late 1700's and is depicted in Benjamin West's The Death of Wolfe. A secret mission to France and Spain followed however he ultimately fell foul of the Duke of Richmond and was Court Marshalled.
This is small study as the names do not have a high frequency.
According to FindMyPast a search for Ebbage and Debbage in the British census would find
1841 64/ 59
1851 99/ 52
1861 94/ 90
1871 142/ 116
1881 163/ 140
1891 184/ 193
1901 207/ 217
1911 254/ 244