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About the study
The Dalgleish One-Name Study is at an early stage. The objective is to study the origins and development of the name and to collect and analyse data about the name. I have started this following my work on my own name Daglish - for details please see the Daglish One Name Study. The surname dictionaries show that Daglish is one of a number of variants of Dalgleish. In practice Daglish is a distinct name with its roots in North East England but DNA testing has suggested that the link to the Scottish name is there. As the Dalgleish name is more widespread, I would be grateful for any and all support in getting the Dalgleish study started. If you have an interest in the name or its variants please do get in touch.
I am including Dalgliesh and Dalglish as the major variants in the study. There are many other spelling variations that have occurred over the years - these are not listed as variants but are included within the scope of the study.
The name is considered to be locational referring to the lands of Dalgleish, a remote area in Selkirkshire in Scotland, where Over and Nether Dalgleish can be found. The name is thought to be from the Gaelic 'dail', field and 'glas', green.
Distribution of the name
In the 1881 Census of England, Wales and Scotland there were 1,349 entries for Dalgleish (concentrated in the Border Counties of Selkirk and Roxburgh and Midlothian and Lanark), 414 for Dalgliesh (in similar areas plus Dumfries) and 549 for Dalglish (with most living in Lanarkshire). Emigration took place to the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and several other countries.
I have collected much of the data about births, marriages and deaths and census records and have begun with family tree re-construction. I will be adding this data to the Dalgleish Archive which is searchable.
Alongside the One-Name Study, there is Daglish / Dalgleish DNA Project. DNA is increasingly being used as a new tool in genealogy which can support the traditional methods of research and also help where paper records are not available. The DNA test used works on the Y-chromosome which is passed down through the male line (in much the same way as surnames). The test uses those parts of the Y-chromosone which are normally passed unchanged from father to son for many generations. We therefore need living male members of the Dalgleish family. There is another DNA test which follows the maternal line - but this is not relevant for our particular study. The primary objective is to find which of the many Dalgleish, Dalgliesh and Dalglish families can can be linked back to a common ancestor. More details can be seen at Daglish Dalgleish DNA Project.