Guild of One-Name Studies
One-name studies, Genealogy
This study started, as probably a lot have, by trying to break down a brick wall in my own tree and then my husbands tree.
We took DNA tests and that's when it all started to come together. This project evolved from my lonely one woman search into one that stretched across the world and resulted in a group of relative strangers sitting in a restaurant in Kent for 5 hours. We are documenting our journey here Connecting Cousins
Through our combined work it became apparent that we were possibly all descended from a Croft, and in another meeting, this time in London, the study was born and is a real team effort.
This is an English surname of pre 6th century origins.
The Croft surname emerged as that of a notable English family in the county of Yorkshire. The name largely originates from the English northern counties of Yorkshire, Cheshire and Lancashire. Hugo Croft held estates in 1162 and Croft Castle in Leicester as the seat of this family. During the 19th Century J.A.Croft held a family seat at Greenham House near Newbury in Berkshire.
It may be topographical for someone who lived by a "croft". This described a piece of enclosed land used for tillage or pasture.
It could also be locational as are several places in England called Croft. As an example Croft village in Leicestershire was recorded as "Craeft" in the Saxon Chartulary of 836 a.d.. The word "craeft" means a machine, such as a wind mill or water mill.
The surname is recorded in the 12th Century. Examples of recordings include:
Distribution in the UK in 1881
They emigrated to Canada, the United States, Australia and Europe from the United Kingdom.
Mary Croft, a servant aged 18
New Zealand Settlers
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