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About the study
It seems likely that most if not all lineages of people with these names link back originally to Ireland. Although not a definite indication of ultimate origins, the distribution of householders with the name CONDRON and variants in the Griffiths Valuation of Ireland 1848-1864 is suggestive. The names CONDRAN, CONDREN, CONDRIN, CONDRON are uncommon even in Ireland. In the Griffiths Valuation of Ireland index (http://www.failteromhat.com/griffiths.htm) there are only 132 heads of household with these names. Of these, 33 are in County Laois (also known as Leix, formerly Queens County) and 25 in County Offaly (formerly Kings County), suggesting that the names perhaps originate in this central midlands area of Ireland. The next highest aggregations of people with these names are 22 in Dublin (County and City) and 18 in County Kildare. It would be natural for there to have been a migration from the provinces towards Dublin, and Kildare is situated directly between Dublin and the counties of Offaly and Laois.
I have heard it said that 'condron' means in Gaelic someone who stands on in the prow of a boat spotting shoals of fish. Whether there is substance in this I cannot at present say.
A French origin for the name, perhaps from the town of Condren in Picardie, north-east of Paris, cannot at this stage be completely ruled out. Certainly there was a seventeenth century French theologian, Father Charles de Condren (1588-1641) ,who was the second Superior General of the Congregation of the Oratorians. A biography, 'Charles de Condren' by M.V. Woodgate, was published by Newman Press (Westminster, MD, USA) in 1949.
The Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland (2016), eds P. Hanks, R. Coates and P. McClure (Oxford University Press), states that CONDRAN, CONDREN and CONDRON are variants of CONRAN, "Irish: from Ó Conaráin ‘descendant of Conarán’ , a personal name from a pet form of Conaire ." It goes on to list the following early bearers. Ireland: Wm. O'Conoran, kern, 1576 in Fiants Elizabeth §2833 (Clontecoegh, Queen’s county [Laois]); Daniel Conran, 1583 in Fiants Elizabeth §4117 (Kildare); Philip Conran, 1583 in Fiants Elizabeth §4311; Edm. O'Conoran, yeoman, 1584 in Fiants Elizabeth §4622 (Queen’s county [Laois]); Donagh O'Conran, 1597 in Fiants Elizabeth§6188 (Kildare); Edm. O'Coneran, yeoman, 1601 in Fiants Elizabeth §6517; Edward Conran, 1796 in Flaxgrowers Ireland (Mayne, Westmeath). England: John Conran, 1657 in Parish Registers (Canterbury, Kent); Elias Conran, 1687 in Parish Registers (Braintree, Essex); Dennis Conran, 1747 in IGI (Westminster, Middx).