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Cobb

 
cobb

About the study

Cobb happens to be my mother's maiden name. She is the daughter of William Cobb of Tennessee (1902-1986). When I was a child she told me many times that his family had been in the United States for four hundred years. At the time, it did not mean that much to me (so what, everyone's family emigrated at some point!) but as time passed I grew to appreciate the significance of having an ancestor that had arrived before the sailing of the *Mayflower*. Everyone seemed to agree that our ancestor, Joseph Cobb, had arrived at Jamestown, Virginia on the *Treasurer* in 1613, and that he was from England, but no one seemed to know from precisely where in England. I set myself to the task of finding out, and along the way learned much about the name, and the people who held it. It has been fascinating, to say the least. I have learned about history, geography (especially about rivers... rivers were very important for a very long time!), languages, politics, and economics, not only in England and America, but on the Continent, as well. What gave me hope of succeeding at my task (which I have been told is an exceedingly difficult one) was finding a record in the International Genealogical Index (God bless the Mormons!) of my immigrant ancestor baptizing his son Benjamin in 1630 in London at St Bartholomew the Great... six years *after* he had been recorded as being in Virginia; see the 1624 Muster of Jamestown. There is so much information available on the Internet now! I later learned that not only had my ancestor returned to England and baptized a child, but so had Sir Francis Wyatt (a son, Virginius WYAT c. 28 DEC 1624 Saint Clement Danes, Westminster)... but only after he received special permission to return home: 15 Sep 1624 LICENSE TO SIR FRANCIS WYATT *Governor of Virginia, to return to England for his own private business, on the decease of his father. Power to Sir Geo. Yeardley to be Governor in his stead and on his death, John Harvey, or failing him, any one of the Council there, chosen by the majority.*(Docquet, Domestic, James 1st) Note: I read that eventually a general license was issued so that all may go home at will; but neglected to make note of the source! Probably it is in the Records of the General Court of the Virgina Company.

Variant names

Cob, Cobbe, Cobbs, Cobbes, Cobbys

Name origin

From the Middle English byname or personal name Cobbe, Cobba, or its Old Norse cognate Kobbi, which are probably from an element meaning ‘lump’, used to denote a large man (Source: Dictionary of American Family Names ©2013, Oxford University Press) Found on http://www.surnamedb.com/ Surname: Cobb This interesting name, variations of which are Cobbe, Cobb, Cobson, and Copson, is of early medieval English origin, and is an example of the many early surnames that were gradually created during the Middle Ages from the habitual use of a nickname. In this instance, the nickname, or byname, recorded in Cornwall in 1201 as 'Cobba', derives from a term meaning 'lump', found in both Olde English and Old Norse, and used to denote a large, well built, impressive man. The equivalent byname in Old Norse is recorded as 'Kobbi', and the examples of the surname Cobb or Cobbe found in the eastern counties of England are probably derived from this source. In some cases, the surname may represent a short form of the male personal name 'Jacob', from the Hebrew 'Yaakov', which is traditionally held to mean 'he supplanted', from the biblical story of Esau and Jacob. One Joseph Cobb was an early emigrant to the American colonies; he is recorded as a resident of Elizabeth City in Virginia in 1624, having arrived on the *Treasoror* in 1613. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Leuric Cobbe, which was dated 1086, in the Domesday Book of Essex, during the reign of King William 1, known as 'William the Conqueror', 1066 - 1087. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to 'develop' often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling. Note: I have also seen the word used for a pier or breakwater and a type of building material. Regarding first, given, or ''Christian'' names; according to *Curiosities of Puritan nomenclature* by Charles W.E. Bardsley, a hallmark of puritanism was the use of Old Testament names; my own line used Joseph, Benjamin, and Pharaoh quite frequently; the name Pharaoh was not pronounced with a hard 'o' as in Mia Farrowe but rather with a soft 'a' as in Farrah Fawcett, and just like Farrah Fawcett, I believe that Joseph Cobb's brother-in-law and fellow emigrant, Pharaoh Flinton (from whence came the unusual name) also had a surname as a given name (probably in tribute to his maternal grandfather)... Farrowe, Farrar, and Fawcett are all old English names.

History of the name

1. Thomas Cobb, author of the book *Wild Heart* (now a major motion picture starring Jeff Bridges). 2. Alec Cobbe (1946 - ) of Hatchlands Park in East Clandon, Surrey. Art and musical instrument collector. Descendant of Archbishop Charles Cobbe of Dublin (1686-1765). See the article in the *Guardian* That's no lady, that's... for an interesting discussion of a portrait owned by his family for many years, possibly that of the Earl of Southampton. 3. Frances Power Cobb (1822 – 1904) Noted author and animal rights activist; another member of the Cobbe family of Ireland. 4. Henry Cobbe, M.A. (younger brother of Francis Power Cobbe); Rector of Maulden, Bedfordshire; Rural Dean of Ampthill, author of *Luton Church Historical and Descriptive* London : G. Bell & Sons, 1899 5. Thomas Cobbe (another brother of Francis Power Cobbe) author; wrote *History of the Norman kings of England. From a new collation of the contemporary chronicles.* London, Longmans, Green, and Co., 1869. 6. Reg Mayhew's website contains information on his Cobb(e) relatives, including Hewett Cobb, one-time owner of the Brighton Theatre. 7. Alfred Cobb, 19th century English artist 8. John Cobb, British speed racer and record holder. 9. Ty Cobb, the American baseball player. 10. Irvin Shrewsbury Cobb, famous Southern writer and raconteur. Hosted the 1935 Academy Awards ceremony. 11. Thomas Willis Cobb, US Representative and Senator for whom Cobb County, Georgia was named. 12. Benjamin Cobb of North Carolina (a descendant of Joseph Cobb of Isle of Wight, Virginia), along with his sons William and Pharaoh, was a pioneer settler in what was then western North Carolina, and helped to create the new state of Tennessee: See the Museum of Rocky Mount for more information on the home his son William built upon their arrival, at which he hosted the first governor of the new Territory, William Blount. 13. Captain Stephen Cobb of North Carolina (nephew of the above Benjamin, son of Robert; quite possibly the namesake of the below Stephen) was a merchant and an enterprising man, and was quite wealthy when he died, being possessed of more than 3,800 acres in Pitt, Edgecombe and Wayne Counties, 2,120 acres and an iron foundry in Nash County, as well as 41 slaves and a personal estate assessed at over 1,688 pounds. 14. Joseph Cobb (c. 1599 - 1653) of London, England and Isle of Wight, Virginia (my immigrant ancestor): St. Bartholomew the Great Church, London, 1616-1969 Church of England. Dorathe VEARE c. 13 Jan 1616 daughter of Horacio VEARE Susana VEARE c. 17 MAR 1619 b. 24 MAY 1623 daughter of Horacio VEARE (Note: Horace de Vere was one of 'the fighting Veres'; famously fought in the Low Countries during the Eighty Years' War) BENIAMIN Male Christening: 17 NOV 1630 son of Josephe & Elizabeth (FLINTON; sister of Pharaoh) 2 May 1635 Horace Vere died FRANCES Christening: 06 DEC 1635 Death: 10 AUG 1636 daughter of William & Mary WILLIAM Christening: 30 SEP 1638 son of William & Mary Note: William Sr., along with Henry GARRETT and others of the parish, was excommunicated from the Church of England (and, on 13 Nov 1640, reinstated) by the highly unpopular Court of High Commission (for not paying the parish clerk's wages according to an order of the Court); see *The rise and fall of the High Commission* by Roland Greene Usher (Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1913) for more information on the subject. DUDLEY DIGGSE Christening 18 SEP 1661 son of Elizabeth (PAGE?) and Edward DIGGSE (DIGGES). Edward was another Governor of the Virginia Colony. MARY Christening: 26 JUL 1663 Death: 05 MAR 1665 daughter of William & Susanna WILL Christening: 01 MAR 1667 son of John & Mary Henry GOULDING c. 17 Jun 1631 d. 16 Dec 1631 son of Esabell and John GOULDING Elizabeth GOULDIN c. 14 Feb 1672 buried 11 Apr 1677 son of Mary and Percevall GOULDING Gideon GOULDING c. 30 Jan 1680 son of Mary and Percevall GOULDING (Note: the Gouldings/Goldings were relatives of the Veres and of the Earl of Oxford; see *An Elizabethan Puritan; Arthur Golding the translator of Ovid's Metamorphoses and also of John Calvin's Sermons* by Louis Thorn Golding R.R. Smith New York 1937. Also, per *Who was Bartholomew Gosnold?* by Warner F. Gookin *The William and Mary Quarterly*, Third Series, Vol. 6, No. 3, (Jul., 1949), pp. 398-415, Bartholomew Gosnold, a prime mover behind the Virginia Company, married Mary Golding, daughter of Robert. 15. Henry Cobb the Elder of Barnstable, Massachusetts; did not sail on the *Mayflower* in 1620 but arrived in Plymouth Colony prior to 1633: 'Ratings by order of court', 2d Jan. 1632, with the amount of his tax, nine shillings. His name is also among 'The names of the Freemen of the Incorporation of Plymoth in New England, An: 1633' The records of Rev. John Lothrop, a Puritan preacher who emigrated from London in 1634 (after having been imprisoned there), provides details on the history of the time and Henry Cobb’s place in the church and the Colony. “Decemb. 15, 1635, our Brother Cobb was invested into the Office of a Deacon.” See Terry & Nancy's family history for more information regarding the branch of Henry the Elder's descendants who moved from Connecticut to Pawlet, Vermont and points westward, including Kentucky, the home of humorist Irvin S. Cobb. (Note: A descendant of Henry the Elder, Hubert Cobb of Gray, Maine, USA, has written an article about his initial interest in DNA matching (free registration required to read the article), and is willing to pay in full for a test for descendants of JOHN COBB ESQ. (5) who married Dionisia Bonington (9). John (5) died in 1472 at Bonnington, Co. Kent, Eng. John Cobb was the oldest son and heir of Edmund Cobb of Cobb's Court in Newchurch. He married, as her second husband, Dionisia, daughter and heir of Bonington of Bunington) 16. William Cobbe was a parish clerk at St Stephen's Coleman Street, London, a Puritan stronghold where John Davenport was the minister 1624-1625 (prior to emigrating to the States and founding New Haven Colony, in today's Connecticut). Parish records yield the following: St. Stephen Coleman Street (London), 1539-1953 Church of England WYLLM Marriage: 20 Sep 1584 to Joane Shorte (at St Giles Cripplegate) Note: the father of all of the following was WILLIAM: JOHN Male Christening: 9 JUN 1585 ELIZABETH Female Christening: 19 JUN 1586 DEBORA Christening: 08 OCT 1587 Marriage: 24 JUN 1624 William ATKINS NATHANIEL Christening: 28 NOV 1589 NATHANIELL Marriage: 20 May 1616 Elyzabethe Longe NATHANIEL Christening: 03 DEC 1625 Burial: 01 SEP 1627 DANIEL Christening: 01 JAN 1590 MARY Christening: 04 SEP 1592 Burial 29 AUG 1603 BENIAMIN Christening: 22 JUN 1593 Male Death: 29 JUN 1593 ESTER Christening: 23 APR 1595 BENJAMIN Christening: 27 AUG 1598 JOANE Burial 24 MAY 1620 Wife of Wyllm WILLIAM Burial 9 Dec 1622 (noted as parish clerke) 17. Peter Cobb, yet another parish clerk! Per *Boyd's Inhabitants of London*: Peter Cobb Citizen and Draper, free 23 Dec 1619 by redemption Parish Clerk of Milk Street Father: Peter Cobb of Northington (Hants) Mother: Elizabeth Runninger of Basingstoke (Hants) Wife: Alice daughter of John Gainsford of St Albans (Herts) Children Isabell c. 14 Dec 1606 Saint Dunstan, Stepney, London Elizabeth c. 28 Oct 1608 Saint Dunstan, Stepney, London Suzanna c. 02 Sep 1610 Saint Stephens, Saint Albans, Hertford Peter c. 16 Mar 1611 Saint Stephens, Saint Albans, Hertford Note: this was no doubt the 'Peeter' who earned 14L 4s 0d for tutoring the sons of William Cecil, the second Earl of Salisbury, perhaps at Hatfield House in Hertford. 'Cecil Papers: 1631', Calendar of the Cecil Papers in Hatfield House, Volume 22: 1612-1668 (1971), pp. 261-269 18. Dutch Cobbs at the Austin Friars Dutch Church, Broad Street Ward 03 Jun 1595 Gheeraert BONNINCK v. Dousborg met Tanneken COBBE wt t'lant v. Gulick Note: Tanneken is a female Dutch name Note: Anne of Cleves was really Anna of Kleve-Julich (Dutch 'Gulick')-Mark-Berg! Note: there is a Doesburg, Netherlands and a Duisburg, Germany Note: the father of all of the following was HENRICK 15 Nov 1590 Henricus COBBE 20 Apr 1595 Jacobus COBBE 06 Oct 1597 Henricus COB 10 Feb 1600 Abraham COBBE 22 Nov 1601 Isaac COB 04 Aug 1611 Anna COB 19. On the capitalist side, Robert Cobbe, citizen and girdler, was a charter investor in the East India Company, and one of Elizabeth I's pirates, I mean privateers, preying primarily on the Spanish Main per the records of the High Court of Admiralty. He owned a ship named the *Margaret*, no doubt named after his first-born daughter... Question: was the *Margaret* the 47 ton ship that Captain John Woodlief and thirty-eight carefully selected men who would settle Berkeley Hundred sailed from London on Thursday, September 16, 1619? Parish records of St Mary Le Bow, London ROBERT m. JANE BARNS 26 SEP 1575 (at Allhallows Honey Lane) Note: the father of all of the following was ROBERT: MARGETT Female Christening: 22 SEP 1577 M. JAMES TRAVERS 29 MAY 1593 (Note: granddaughter Jane mentioned in father Robert's will) (Note: there is a record of a Jane TRAVERS c. 03 Jun 1599 daughter of James TRAVERS at Saint Mary Woolnoth) RICHARD Christening: 04 JAN 1579 Will 1617 Girdler and Citizen of London ELYNE Christening: 24 MAY 1580 M. FRANCIS TAYLOR 01 JUN 1598 Girdler & Citizen ROBERT Christening: 24 MAY 1581 Burial: 29 MAY 1581 NATHANIELL Christening: 10 JUN 1582 (Note: this Nathaniel was probably the father of 'Matthew Cobbe, scrivener, indicted for Recusancy' 14 Apr, 16 Charles I From: *Particulars from the Process Book: 1631-41*, Middlesex county records: Volume 3: 1625-67 (1888), pp. 128-159) MARTHA Christening: 30 JAN 1586 m. John SHERRINGTON 16 APR 1605 Mitcham, Surrey (Note: per Wikipedia: during her reign Queen Elizabeth I made at least five visits to Mitcham. John Donne and Sir Walter Raleigh also had residences here. It was at this time that the area became gentrified, as due to the abundance of lavender fields it became renowned for its soothing air. This air also led people to settle in the area during times of plague.) MARY Christening: 09 JUN 1588 HENRY Christening: 10 AUG 1589 Burial: 03 MAR 1595 ELIZABETH Burial 24 MAY 1603 ROBERT Burial 19 Feb 1606 (noted as Merchant) Will 21 Feb 1607 PCC PROB 11/09 Huddleston 1-47 According to Wikipedia, there is a statue of Captain John Smith of Virginia in front of St Mary Le Bow's, and no doubt had he lived, Robert would have invested in the Company that brought my ancestor Joseph to these shores. 20. Robert's father, Stephen Cobbe, was a haberdasher and died circa 1566. After his death, his second son Robert took over the rental of his shop in the parish of St Mary's Colechurch. From: 'St. Mary Colechurch 105/19', Historical gazetteer of London before the Great Fire: Cheapside; parishes of All Hallows Honey Lane, St Martin Pomary, St Mary le Bow, St Mary Colechurch and St Pancras Soper Lane (1987), pp. 518-526. Per Boyd's Inhabitants of London/Family Units, dated 1540 Steven COBBE Citizen Haberdasher Will 1566 Commissary Court of The Bishop of London (London Division) Father William COBB of Peterbridge Norfolk Mother Margaret WALLES (Wales?) daughter of Thomas, Lynn Bishop Norfolk (once was known as Bishop's Lynn, now known as King's Lynn, Lynn Regis, or simply Lynn) Note: I am finding a growing number of links between Norfolk, England and Virginia. Adam Thoroughgood (1604–1640), the ninth son of William THOROWGOOD, rector of Grimston (near Lynn) also emigrated to what would become Norfolk, Virginia. Henry SPELMAN (c. 1595 - 1622), another local youth, wrote of his sojurn among the Native Americans surrounding the nascent colony (see *The Jamestown adventure: accounts of the Virginia colony, 1605-1614*, edited by Ed Southern) and John Rolfe was from Heacham, Norfolk. Wife 1. Ellen daughter of John HARPER, Esq. of Chester 2. Johan (mentioned in will) Sister m. HARPER Brother William 1. Son John Will 1575 (m. ATWOOD?) 2. Son Robert m. 1575 Jane, daughter of Richard BARNS, mercer 3. Son Stephen 4. Son Jerome 5. Son William (possibly the parish clerk of St Stephen's Coleman St) 1. Elizabeth m. John SUTTON, draper (daughters Jane & Elizabeth per will of John Cobbe 1575) 2. Anne m. John TRACY (per will of Stephen m. STAVELEY in the City of York) 3. Thomasin m. Richard BUCKFIELD Note: their daughter Thomasin BUCKFIELD m. 01 Aug 1586 St Mary Aldermanbury John SWYNNERTON Lord Mayor of London 1612 per the Visitation of London: anno Domini 1633, 1634, and 1635 Volume 17. Also, per 'Bishopsgate', Old and New London: Volume 2 (1878), pp. 152-170, this John bought Austin Friars Dutch church in 1602. In the Cordwainer ward, Stephen's son Robert assisted with collecting taxes in 1582: From: '1582 London Subsidy Roll: Cordwainer Ward', Two Tudor subsidy rolls for the city of London: 1541 and 1582 (1993), pp. 199-203 (Petty collectors: Robert Cobb, girdler, and George Cullymore, draper) Richard Skynner (£5) Robert Cobb (£50) Alice Middleton wyddowe (£3) John Blunte (£60) Arthur Hewet (£50) Thomas Hawes (£10) Robert Hawes (£100) William Salter (£70) Richard Newman (£3) John Scott (£15) Thomas Blande (£6) Henrie More (£3) Thomas Ludwell (£10) William Thoroughgood (£200) As a haberdasher, Stephen assisted the Court with outfitting the City for its revels: Office of the revels. Memorandum of costumes lent to the city of London for the coronation of Edward VI. A list of costumes (with detailed descriptions) delivered to Stephen Cobbe, George Todlowe, and William Mosyne 'for thuse of the Cytie of London agaynste the coronacion' (on 20 Feb), probably for a city masque. Signed by William Mosyne (moyssan). Stephen seems to have retired to the swanky suburb of Hackney, Middlesex, where he held land. His will specified that he was to be buried 'within the parish church of Hackney, in the chapel where my wife lieth buried, and arms there to be set up for a memorial' and left all his 'lands, &c.' in West-Ham and Leighton to son William. 'London and Middlesex Fines: Edward VI', A Calendar to the Feet of Fines for London & Middlesex: volume 2: Henry VII - 12 Elizabeth (1893) Stephen Cobbe and John Moune, and Katherine, his wife. Premises in Hackney. Easter Anno 2, Edward VI 21. Thomas Cobbe, Marian martyr From: 'Thetford, chapter 25: Of the Corporation', An Essay towards a Topographical History of the County of Norfolk: volume 2 (1805), pp. 132-147: In Sept. 1555, Thomas Cobbe of Haverhill in Suffolk, butcher, was apprehended by his neighbours, for heresy, and examined by Michael Dunning, the bloody chancellor of Norwich, by whom he was condemned, Aug. 12, and with Roger Coo, James Abbes, &c. burned at Thetford, as Lanquet in his Chronicle tells us. For more information on the subject, see the following Wikipedia entries: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Lanquet http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Crowley_(printer) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Cooper_(bishop) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foxe's_Book_of_Martyrs 22. William Cobbe of Sandringham, Norfolk; owned the estate that would eventually become Sandringham House: From 'Freebridge Hundred: Sandringham', An Essay towards a Topographical History of the County of Norfolk: volume 9 (1808), pp. 67-72: On the 1st of July in the 8th of Henry VII (1493) William Cobbe, of Sandringham, by his will then dated, bequeaths his body to be buried in the church of St. Mary Magdalen, of Sandringham, by Elizabeth his wife; appoints Geffrey his son and heir, Symon Batchcroft, and Thomas Walpole, his executors: mentions William and Thomas, his younger sons, and Agnes his second wife, (who survived him) and Ralph Geyton, his father in law, and gives this manor (Wode-hall) with those of Babingley and Wolverton, to Jeff. his son. Arms: Quarterly 1 and 4, per chev. gu. and sa. in chief two swans respecting each other proper, in base a herring cob naiant. Or, Cobb. 2, sa. three cups with their handles arg., Butler. 3. Or, three bars gu. in dexter in dexter chief, an escocheon erm., Martin. Impaling, quarterly 1 and 4, Or, on a fess between two chevrons sa., 3 cross croalets Or, Walpole. 2 and 3, quarterly 1 and 4 vert, a lion rampant. Or, Robsart. 2 and 3, gules, a saltire engrailed Or, Kerdeaton. Crest: A swan's head and neck erased Or, holding in the beak a fish arg. From: The visitation of Norfolk in the year 1563 By William Harvey, England. College of arms, Norfolk & Norwich Archeological Society 23. Walter Cobb, 14th century butcher and citizen-soldier; left home and made his way to the big city: Grant by Walter Cobbe, son and heir of Hugh Cobbe, to Richard Seyntebarbe and Matilda his wife, and Nicholas his son, of land in a croft called 'Cheddreham' in Statmede bordering on the fee of the said Richard. Southbrent (Devonshire), the feast of St. Katherine the Virgin, 13 Edward II (1320) Endorsed: Cobbe. Northern'. Seal. From: 'Folios xi - xx: Feb 1337-8 -', Calendar of letter-books of the city of London: F: 1337-1352 (1904), pp. 17-30: Be it remembered that Henry Darci, the Mayor, and the Aldermen were warned to appear before the King and his Council at Westminster on Monday after the Feast of St. Alphege (19 April), 12 Edward III. A. D. 1338 On which day they appeared, and being asked whether they would safeguard the City on behalf of the King, who was about to cross the sea, as the inheritance of the Mayor and citizens (ut hereditatem ipsorum Maioris et civium), they said that they would do so. Thereupon they were commanded to bring a scheme in writing for safeguarding the City for the approval of the King and Council on the following Friday. (fn. 3) Here follow ordinances for guarding the City and its gates, providing (inter alia) for the election of six, eight, or twelve of the best men of each Ward to patrol the City day and night, and to see that the King's peace be not broken. The scheme being read was approved. For Portsokne: John de Romeneye, Walter Cobbe, Alexander Cobbe, Alexander le Mareschal However, having served the King did not prevent Walter from being reprimanded for selling his wares on the street! From: 'Memorials: 1345', Memorials of London and London Life: In the 13th, 14th and 15th centuries (1868), pp. 220-230. Meat forfeited by Butchers, for obstructing the street of the Poultry. 19 Edward III. A.D. 1345. Letter-Book F. fol. ciii. (Latin.) Be it remembered, that on the Saturday next after the Feast of St. Mary Magdalene (22 July), in the 19th year of the reign of King Edward the Third etc., the meat of Thomas de Caxtone, Thomas Andreu, Walter Cobbe, and Gerard Andreu, was taken and forfeited, because that they obstructed the street of the Poultry with their benches, placed there for selling their meat, against the Ordinance (fn. 12) made thereon by the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty. 24. Was Hereward the Wake a Cobb?! (Herts.) A. 1061. Grant by Henry, son of Reimer de London, to Walter son of Adam, for 5s., of the land that Huchtred held of him in Senle, and eight acres that were Hereward Cobbe's. Witnesses:—Adam de Sumeri, Hugh his son, Alan de Sumeri, John his son, Walter del Faleis, and others (named). From: 'Deeds: A.1001 - A.1100', A Descriptive Catalogue of Ancient Deeds: Volume 1 (1890), pp. 116-127.

Name frequency

According to *Homes of family names in Great Britain* by Henry Brougham Guppy the name was historically found most frequently in Dorset, Kent, and Nottinghamshire (in that order) within England. It also occurs with some frequency in Aberdeen, Scotland. Currently, there are about 65,000 Cobbs in America, compared with 13,000 in the United Kingdom.

Distribution of the name

In addition to the United Kingdom and the United States, I have found records in the Netherlands (and at Austin Friars Dutch Church in London), and indeed, family lore has it that Joseph Cobb was actually the son of Richard Cobb, a *Scottish* soldier serving in the Low Countries during the Eighty Years' War. I personally do not hold with that theory, however, as the name Richard never re-appeared in our line.

DNA

The various Cobb DNA projects have proved very exciting so far; proving above all that proximity in time and space does not mean kinship! For instance, Ambrose Cobbs (with an 's') emigrated to Virginia, as well, but has shown to be distinct genetically from Joseph Cobb (as has Nicholas Cobb, another Virginia planter who apparently married and baptized a child at St Katherine's by the Tower in London). For the ONS run by American descendants of English emigrants, see Cobb & Cobbs. To register, please go to Cobb DNA project (hosted by Ancestry). For more information on the American descendants of Ambrose Cobbs, see The Descendants of Ambrose Cobbs and for his English ancestry see the Cobbs of Kent. (Note: The protoptype Cobb DNA website, Clan Lindsay has now been supplanted by the Cobb & Cobbs project) There is also a public Cobb database at FTDNA, with more of a global perspective. Note: we are great need of UK participants. There are about nine main family groups bearing the Cobb name in the US, but we do not know how many lines are still extant within the UK. Please email stephanieray52@gmail.com for more information.

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Name: Stephanie Ray
Name: cobb@one-name.org

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