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2,405 study surnames with us
and a further 6,120 variant names.

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About the study

The Brackstone One-name study started c 1985 and it grew out of a long search of my own ancestry in the Poole area in Dorset. I had made contact with some relatives and traced the family back to Lambeth. I came up against a brick-wall and I am still there, so I started sideways tracing all the relatives in Poole and this has evolved into a One-Name study registered with the guild in 1994

Variant names

The registered variants are Brackston Braxton Braxtone Braxstone and Breakstone.

If one is looking for a particular Brackstone especially in a census and you cannot find them, then try 'Blackstone', I found my family in Lambeth under that name. A possible reason is that in our language there are very few words beginning brack, namely bracken,bracket and brackish all words used infrequently and therefore rarely heard. On the other hand the word black is used extensively especially as a prefix, so we hear the sound more often and are much more likely to mishear and misspell the surname. If you add in variations of dialect and any background noise then the name is misspelled and even today I have a constant battle to get my name spelled correctly.

Name origin

The name Brackstone suggests an occupation so one would expect a widespread occurence, but see below under distribution. As yet I have not located a place name in the high density area.

Name frequency


Distribution of the name

In the 1881 census and the IGI , the epicentre is in or around the triangle bounded by Marlborough in NE. Wilts. to Hungerford in SW. Berks. and Andover in NW Hants. with other small centres in London and Bristol The groups in Durham, Roxboroughshire, and Glamorgan are migrants from Hampshire

The Braxton name seems to predominate in Wilts.

There is a Braxton County in West Virginia and this variant seems to be the dominant form and the largest group in the USA., in the world even, where the name is also used as a christian name


A lot of the early BMD entries from the GRO. have been recorded.

The One-Name study has many marriage partners from 1837 to 1911 together with many county BM+D indexes

Some pedigrees have been lodged.


The names Brackstone/Braxton have been registered with FamilyTreeDNA with the aim of finding out if the different branches are related and if the 2 major variants have a single or dual origin.There will hopefully be two 37 marker test results available in the near future (late 2009) which we hope will lay the foundations for the study.