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About the study
A great deal of the work of this study was undertaken by my dear and now departed friend Barry Michael Annandale of Christchurch New Zealand.
The name Annandale has never been common but has, over the centuries, spread far and wide with a delightful family grouping in Samoa and American Samoa.
The earliest trace of the name as a surname is one Elspet Annadel of Nether Tullo, near Brechin in 1657. The very earliest record of the name is one Agnus of Annandale who married Robert the Bruce in Dumfries in 1095. There is no proven connection with the Earl of Annandale as that title is geographic with their family name being Hope-Johnstone
A study of the distribution of the surname in the 1881 census shows just 165 people with 44 in England, and 121 in Scotland.
In England the surname is clustered in the counties of Durham 14 (being two families in Benfieldside and Tanfield), and Shropshire 10 (being one family in Adderley, near Market Drayton.)
In Scotland the name is clustered in Angus/Forfarshire 33, Kincardineshire 35, Midlothian 20 and Lanarkshire 14.These are on the eastern side of Scotland far from Dumfries
There is a small number of quite notable Annandales. Charles Annandale 1843-1915 from Monboddo, Auchenblae, near Fordoun in Kincardineshire became a lexicographer. The British library in London holds some 20 plus of his publications.
Thomas Annandale 1837-1907 was a surgeon at the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary.
The Annandales of Edinburgh, Scotland; and Newcastle on Tyne and Shotley Bridge, County Durham, England were major paper manufacturers in the 19th century.